To win the battle against hunger and malnutrition food production should be increased. Global food production should increase by atleast 60% to meet the growing demand for food. Production should be increased but the land available for agriculture and natural resources will decrease due to the rapidly increasing population. Food production must be achieved in a efficient and sustainable manner. Good farming practices should be followed to intensify agricultural production in a sustainable manner to reduce food insecurity , malnutrition and poverty.
In developing countries people in rural areas are affected by poverty and hunger.75% of people in developing countries live in rural areas. Rural households generate income from agriculture. These smallholders don’t just sell what they produce but also consume a part of what they produce. These smallholders should be encouraged to follow sustainable agriculture. The methods involved in sustainable agriculture produces food which is healthy , causes no harm to the environment. It also gives financial benefits to the farmers and boosts up the rural communities. Sustainable agriculture is the key to ensure continued productivity and stability of world’s agricultural production.
A community’s environmental , economic and social well-being can be enhanced through sustainable food system. A sustainable food system can be achieved through sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture is following agricultural methods which are economically viable , environmentally sound and also protects public health. It contributes to the growth of nutritious and healthy food. It also raises the standard of living of the farmer. It is resilient to the changes in climate and energy. It encourages farmers to employ recycling methods apart from the conventional farming techniques. No chemicals are used in sustainable agriculture. Crop rotation will also be followed and the fertility of the soil will be preserved. Eating sustainable food has health benefits for sustainably grown fruits , vegetables and grains have a higher nutrient density than other foods. Waste will also be managed inside the farm itself. Sustainable agriculture benefits the farmer , their families , the environment and farm animals.
Conservation agriculture is an approach for improved and sustained food productivity and food security without disrupting the soil’s structure , composition and natural biodiversity. Climate smart agriculture is another approach to transform and reorient agricultural systems and achieve food security in a changing climate.
Efficient , well managed and sustainable food systems are essential to end hunger and malnutrition and also to protect the environment. A sustainable food system can be achieved by changing the ways in which food is produced , processed , transported and consumed. Food consumption is affected by food availability , food accessibility and food choice. Much of the food consumed by the poor comes from small family farms run by poor farmers. When these smallholders become sustainable they will have enough food to eat and also they will be able to sell the excess.World’s hunger and poverty can be solved when these smallholders are educated about sustainable agriculture. By doing this the farmer who produces the food and the people who consume the food will live a healthy life.