CRIME

Divorce is simply breakdown of marriage. The objective of divorce is to dissolve martial relationship when spouses are not interested to be in martial relationship or to provide remedy to those who are facing cruelty or any other atrocities by their martial partner and their family members. But in present scenario it is misused by women.
Whatever I am going to share is true and is applicable for everybody. Indian society sees only one side of the narrative and is quick to judge the male partner. A woman in India needs only to file a dowry or domestic violence case against the husband and his family member and it is the onus of the men and his family member. Society and their friends form an opinion that they are guilty.
Adultery is one of the ground on which women can seek divorce in India. According to law a woman cannot be punished for adultery whereas a man can be punished for it. It is one of the loop holes of law. Or in other words there is gender bias due to law. There is rampant misuse of divorce law that some girls have made it their profession. First these girls marry guys and then either they lodge F.I.R or file a suit against their male partner for cruelty. Cruelty is such an offence which is nonbailable. When the male partner does not have any option they demand huge amount of money to withdraw the suit or F.I.R. According to the stats Fight against misusal of Dowry law reveals that 98% of the cruelty cases filed are false. It is very common in urban areas and especially among educated women. In 2003 there was a dowry case of Nisha Sharma which was a false case and in which court acquitted the accused due to lack of evidence. But for our society she was an anti–dowry icon till the judgment was passed by the court. Lawyers have a lead role in this type of false cases. In this type of cases they earn huge money. In one of its judgment Supreme Court said these laws are tool of legal terrorism. It also asked the government to review these laws. This has been discussed in Parliament many times but due to the pressure of women’s organizations and lawyers (many lawyers have top place in Parliament) a decision had not been made. For lawyers these false cases are a way to earn huge money and they don’t want to lose it.
Society always had an opinion that “If men and his family members have not done anything then they should not be scared. But society does not recognize it as a harassment. It is not just women but men also feel harassed. After all men are also human beings. There are numerous cases in which due to false charges and harassment men commit suicide. Now we are living in 20th century and equal rights are given to both men and women thus we must have equal laws for both.

Marriage before the age of 18 is a fundamental violation of human rights. Many factors interact to place a girl at risk of marriage, including poverty, the perception that marriage will provide ‘protection’, family honor, social norms, customary or religious laws that condone the practice, an inadequate legislative framework and the state of a country’s civil registration system. Child marriage often compromises a girl’s development by resulting in early pregnancy and social isolation, interrupting her schooling, limiting her opportunities for career and vocational advancement and placing her at increased risk of domestic violence. Child marriage also affects boys, but to a lesser degree than girls. Despite modern times and a massive awareness program, child marriages continue to take place in Odisha.

Children who have resisted parental and societal pressure to get married before the legal age have joined hands to bring an end to the regressive practice in Odisha. As many as 33 boys and girls recently formed the ‘Odisha Child Marriage Resistance Forum’ and resolved to prevent untimely marriages and spread awareness among parents.

“As per the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)’s data released in 2013, Ganjam district has the highest number of child marriages in Odisha with 63 percent of girls getting married before 18 years,” says District Child Protection Officer (DCPO) Subodh Kumar Sarangi.

Pity conditions: 

In February this year, a 12-year-old girl of Chandanpur village under Golanthara Police station in Odisha’s Ganjam district was rescued by the Childline from being married off to a 21 years old boy. After the NGO stopped the marriage, the guy started threatening the girl’s family of abducting her and therefore the girl is now being kept at children home. She is one of five daughters of her parents. In a similar case, the NGO had, in June last year, saved a 12-year-old girl belonging to a tribal community from being married off to a 22-year-old guy in Jhagadei village of the district.

These two cases are among the many cases of child marriages being reported from Ganjam district.

Who decides?

The first question that comes to my mind is ‘Who is responsible when a girl is wedded before she turns 18 and becomes a mother — Is it the parents, the in-laws, neighbors, teachers, government or the child herself?’ Does anyone think on how marrying early and giving birth to a child at such a young age affects both the physical and mental health of the young girl?

Adolescent girls becoming mothers at an early age are most vulnerable to health problems and pregnancy-related complications. India has the world’s largest child population at 400 million. As per the 2011 census, around 253 million children in India are adolescents (in the age group of 10-19 years).

India also has the highest number of child brides in the world. UNICEF’s State of World’s Children 2014, ranks India 12th among 20 countries with a high rate of child marriages; India ranks first in absolute numbers though. Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have the highest incidence of child marriage. In Odisha, around 37 percent children marry before the legal age and this is rampant mostly in the southern districts.

Shocking numbers: 

 

Age

Married

Widowed
15 28,055(Boys-7,226, Girls-20,829) 1,473 (Boys-389, girls-1,084)
16 29,965 (Boys-7,940, Girls-22,025) 926 (Boys-251, Girls-675)
17 41,925 (Boys-8,319, Girls-33,606)       833 (Boys-270, Girls-675)

 

Source: Census of India 2011

Taking a stand: 

ActionAid, an international voluntary organisation, and UNICEF have come forward to support the initiative of these brave children. Odisha is home to 3,232 children aged between 15 and 17 who have lost their spouses; 66 percent are widows, most of whom, by anybody’s guess, will remain widows for the rest of their lives.Early marriage, besides its several ills, also poses severe health risks to young girls, with premature childbirth leading to death is the single biggest risk of all.

What can be done to eradicate child marriages?

Sarangi opines that child marriages can be eradicated if various stakeholders including Child Development Project Officers, Police, Anganwadi centers and Child-line take stringent action against any case of child marriage before them. “Similarly, the society needs to accept that a girl is also a citizen of free India and has equal right to live her childhood,” he adds. On the other hand, director of Child-line (Berhampur) Sudheer Sabat suggests that leaders of different communities should be made aware and sensitized regarding the disadvantages of child marriages.

“These leaders can play the major role in changing the mindset of the people in their communities as people would listen to them. Besides, the youth committees can organize orientation programs at Anganwadi centers to create awareness among people about different schemes of the government related to women and child development,” he says.

 

When you break a vase in your childhood, you are made aware of the fact that it is wrong to break things by your mother’s scolding. Did you stop doing it altogether or continued to do so in your naughtiness?

Well, this simple question can determine whether you are a “habitual offender” or not! Because some offenders do not hesitate in attempting another crime after they have done it in the past.

This article is an attempt at knowing and having an insight into the thought process of habitual offenders and why they do what they do. What instigates them so much that they are ready to go down the wrong path again and again.

Criminology is the scientific study of crimes and criminals. It has been suggested that criminology is now experiencing an intervention of social construction as well in determining why and how a criminal mind works.

Criminologists have tried to classify offenders according to what causes them to commit crimes but there is no single cause or set of causes that can give a definite answer to this question. There are a string of reasons as to why habitual offenders continue to commit crimes even after punishments. Some of the explicit reasons are as follows:

  1. The personality and build-up of the person committing crime matters in understanding what causes him to behave like that. Behavioural characteristics give out minute details about the personality of a person. At times, though neurosis is evident at the surface but deep within there is deformation and disturbance of character. Psychotic and neurotic problems have a very thin line running between them and that can be determined only by individual observation of person. The emotional and mental condition of a person might be distorted.
  2. A warning or caveat regarding punishment is necessary to be understood by the law makers; punishment is effective only if imposed properly. Punishment needs to be immediate and as close to the commission of crime as possible (in time). It needs to be unpleasant and reprimanding in satisfactory amounts because only that will discourage them from continuation.
  3. Sometimes a person feels guilty that others have a better opinion of him than what he really is and is scared to live up to that opinion. So he has a drive for moral inferiority and commits crime.
  4. Poverty, unemployment and economic uncertainty are yet other reasons for a habitual offender to commit crimes. He needs to do so to keep himself and his family alive.
  5. Illegitimacy is also considered as one of the causes by many psychologists. The illegitimate person feels a burden on himself and it is often hard for him or her to lead a normal life in the society.
  6. When a habitual offender is in prison, the prison can act as a school of crime as he meets many convicts with different mentalities over there. Common hate for jail incharges and the system brings them together. Also, an unreal environment in the prison does not help the inmates to adjust to the normal life once they come out.
  7. Exposure to crime through bad neighbourhoods and company contributes to it, as it is widely agreed, your company determines your action!

Here are some ways in which crime by habitual offenders can be controlled :

  • Cognitive means the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses. Principles of cognitive psychology say that rehabilitation and other educational programs are better methods to control crime. They teach an alternative response to the urge to commit crimes.
  • A visible presence of law and self-awareness of legal enforcements in tempting moments are other preventive methods to control crime. The sanctions and consequences of committing crimes should be well-advertised and spread through the public.
  • By uplifting areas where crime and poverty exist intertwined can also make a a lot of difference.
  • The prisoners of a prison facility should be exposed to human interaction so that they have some kind of outlets to let out their varied emotions and it is not kept pent up in them. A psychologist should be present at every prison facility.
  • The offender should be monitored even after his release for a certain period of time.

In short, it’s not a good habit to be “habitual offender!”

Here are the answers to 10 commonly asked questions regarding an FIR:

1. What is an FIR?

An FIR (First Information Report) is a written statement recorded by a police officer about a cognizable offence which sets the legal process in motion and starts the investigation. It is the first information that the police receives about an offence.

2. Can an FIR be registered for any offence?

No. An FIR can be registered only for cognizable offences. Cognizable offence is the one in which the police can arrest a person without a warrant and requires no permission from the courts to investigate the offence.

3. What to do if the offence is non-cognizable?

A non-cognizable offence requires prior permission of the magistrate/court to register an FIR or investigate a crime. A police officer cannot arrest a person for a non-cognizable offence without a warrant. In this case, a complaint can be filed in the police station. The police will record it in the General Diary and guide the person to file a complaint in the court.

4. Is it true that only a victim can file an FIR?

No. An FIR can be filed by any person who knows about the incident, has witnessed the incident or is the victim of the incident. Even if you only have the knowledge of commission of a crime, then also you have the right to file an FIR. It is interesting to know that even a police officer can register an FIR himself if he comes to have knowledge about a crime.

5. Does delay in filing takes away the right to file an FIR?

If the delay can be justified by right and genuine reasons, then an FIR can be filed even after delay. But it is always advisable to file an FIR as soon as possible.

6. How can we track an FIR or know what stage it is at?

Just like an Amazon or Flipkart order can be tracked, most of the states in India now have online systems to provide information about a particular FIR using the FIR number. The status of an FIR and any procedural delay caused by the authorities can be checked by filing an RTI as well. It is important to keep in mind the FIR number.

7. How can we get a copy of the FIR filed?

It is the right of the informant to get a copy of the FIR from the police station free of cost according to the law.

8. How can we make sure whether the report has been filed as informed or not?

It is the legal duty of a police officer who is recording the FIR to read over to the informant what he has written and get it signed.

9. What to do if FIR is not registered?

One can approach the Superintendent of Police (SP) if an FIR is not being filed by a police officer in writing or in person.

10. Why are offences classified as cognizable and non-cognizable?

The distinction between cognizable and non-cognizable offences is made to give authority to police officers to investigate immediately when the crimes under question are of a serious nature like murder, rape etc.

Hope this helps you realise and recognise your rights!

Cybersecurity is the body of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computer programs and data from attack, damage or unauthorised access. In a computing context, security includes both Cybersecurity and physical security.

In the most disruptive form, cyber threats take assets of a nation or its people.

Bad Cybersecurity practices ought to hurt a company right?

Yes, but only if users come to know of the security breaches at the companies and brands they have signed up for, with or without sensitive information.

The issue came to the fore a few weeks ago, when fast food chain McDonald’s India asked users to update its app as a “precautionary measure”. It further said that the app doesn’t store sensitive financial information of its users and that it is safe to use. The McDonald’s statement didn’t come from nowhere. It came on the back of a blog post by Cybersecurity start-up.

Fallible which had  noted that the McDonald’s app is leaking the personal data of more than 2.2 million of it’s users which includes name, email address, phone number, home address and social profile links. In the end McDonald’s neither rejected the report nor accepted the breach.

Fallible in this called ‘the security of Indian payments infrastructure’ a joke. It said, vulnerabilities in major payment gateways and wallets include multiple ways of data leak, monetary loss, private keys leak and more. This is not different from many other risk assessments.

It does seem some corporates are taking note. Some board members and executives of the Indian companies have said they lack confidence in their organisation’s level of Cybersecurity. However Cybersecurity hardly gets top management attention in India, as it is viewed merely as an IT issue. Making breaches public should be mandatory and is the wake up call companies need. It would then become a customer facing issue and management will be all ears.

We all will realise that good Cybersecurity can be good marketing.

What is the first thought that comes to your mind when you see a disabled person? So many of us have this feeling , oh! He or she is not one of us, he or she is not normal. But why? What crime did they do to get abandoned from our society like this. Was it their fault that their physique is somewhat different. And even if it is, they are also human beings and their emotions are same. According to a report, 40-80 million people are disabled in India. Which in itself is a community, so how can we say they are not normal.

Think about how you would feel if the whole class will see you when you are not as capable as them, and you are not included in the class activity. Think about the mental trauma that disabled people have to go through, every moment.
First of all they have some physical problem, and then by making them realising it, again and again,we are making it harder for them. Instead of appreciating them that even after being a disabled person, they are standing in front of us. ‘Nick Vujicic’, a very famous motivator, has no limbs or arms. We all know, how people would have teased him before he reach there? But yes, it is not possible for everyone to reach there. Someone very rightly said, “we are as delicate as glass, a small ignorance and you are broke”. It is ironical, that in this case, the culprits are us, whereas they are getting punishments.

We should appreciate the move of ‘Mr. Narendra Modi,’ where he refrained people from calling them ‘Viklang’ and devoted them a new word, ‘Divyang'( special qualities).

‘Shekhar naik’ the captain of Indian blind cricket team, has blindness because in his case it is hereditary. But still, last month his team won t20 blind cricket wold cup. There are a number of examples, which will make you feel disabled with their level of success. So start appreciating. Be human, do humanities.

  • Zabiuddin Ansari (Abu Jundal) the Key Lashkar-e-Toiba operative & 26/11 plotter was sentenced to life imprisonment by a Special Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act(MCOCA) court for 2006 Aurangabad arms haul case.

     

  • Abu Jundal was one among 7 convicts sentenced to life imprisonment, while two were sentenced to 14 years of jail & the remaining 3 were given 8 years sentence.

     

  • On May 8, 2006, Maharashtra ATS team chased cars on Chandwad-Manmad highway & arrested 3 terror suspects & seized 6AK 47, 3200 live cartridges, 43kg of RDX & 50 hand grenades from Khultabad, Yeola & Malegaon area.

     

  • Jundal managed to escape from the police & fled to Bangladesh & then to Pakistan. Later in 2012, agencies narrowed down his location to Saudi Arabia.

     

  • From Saudi Arabia he was brought to India in June 2012 & has been kept in Arthur Road jail.

     

  • Abu Jundal was convicted under Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, Explosives Act, Arms Act& charged for conspiracy under the Indian Penal Code.

  • IS claimed responsibility for the Germany attack on Tuesday via its news agency Amaq.
  • the proclamation by IS group said in its statement that attack was part of the propaganda to attack atni-IS coalition countries.
  • The attack in train in Germany left at least 5 people injured.

  • IS has confirmed the death of its ‘minister of war’,Abu Omar al-Shishani,popularly known as Omar the Chechen.
  • On Wednesday, IS’ news agency Amaq claimed that Shisani died as a ‘martyr’ in the combat in Iraqi city of Shirqat.
  • This news came after a British based monitoring group declared him to be dead in March. According to the agency,Shisani was injured in March and died die soon after the injury.

  • Suicide car bombings in Baghdad on 12 July in Shia dominated area killed 12 people and left 23 wounded.
  • Two more bombings in other areas of the Iraqi capital killed 4 civilians and 2 were injured.
  • IS has not yet claimed the responsibility of the attacks, but IS is suspected to be behind the attacks.
  • IS has been attacking the city very frequently, leaving many dead, since the terrorist group lost Baghdad as its capital.