“Disability in women doesn’t mean lack of capacity.” This is what Dr. Lavanya Seshasayee is steadfast to prove. And she, herself is a proof. Once a woman with Schizophrenia, Dr.Lavanya Seshasayee is now, the founder of ‘THE GLOBAL WOMEN’S RECOVERY MOVEMENT’ which was started in 2017. Previously, the movement was called ‘THE INDIAN WOMEN’S RECOVERY MOVEMENT’, and it was started by Seshasayee in 2011. GWRM with its headquarters in Bangalore, India, is led by women, of women and for women across the world. The need for GWRM/IWRM dawned from her own personal journey with Schizophrenia. Back then, there was gender insensitivity in the context of mental health in India. Also, the women entering Psychiatric clinics were never empowered. The movement addresses these issues and now women across the globe connect and contribute their ideas pertaining to how women’s mental health problems can be resolved. She, in earlier days worked with many NGOs for over six years before starting GWRM.

IWRM working at Bangalore Beggar’s Colony in 2013

Ironically, in the late 90’s, when the doctors had declared her a ‘medical failure’ and said she was incapable of doing anything, she made quite an impressive academic achievement. She did PhD in Mental Health which dealt with mental health problems Indian Women faced during various phases of their lives. Her passion for Psychology goes way back to the time when she was doing her bachelor’s. She passed out of BA in Journalism, English literature and Women’s Studies with a silver medal when she was undergoing her journey through Schizophrenia. She says she came up with a support system called “FSA- Feminist Self Advocacy” during her lucid moments between her episodes of Psychosis. FSA is now named “WSEA – Women’s Self Empowerment and Advocacy”. She never believed in implementation of only biomedical therapeutic models on patients which is why she devised this user survivor system to be combined with biomedical approach. Her mother implemented this support system on her and with continuous feedback of her caregiver’s behaviour towards her, about her needs and regarding what it felt like to be her during those days, this model was a success.

While this may be how she dealt with Schizophrenia, she aids her ‘Clients’ with similar User-Support Systems.She says the most dignified way to address the people entering Psychiatric treatments would be ‘clientele’, not as patients. The movement is all about empowerment of women with gender sensitive cum rights based approach in solving mental health problems and issues of women. Here, the psychiatrists are trained to implement a ‘capabilities informed approach’ and caregivers are trained to relearn communication with their clients in an empathetic way. She points that the movement is all about clients, they can interact with professionals at every step and can decide their own model of recovery. Clients learn to be very strong and learn strategies to deal with cultural imperialists. She thinks being ‘anti-establishment’ is an asset to solve problems of Psychosocially Challenged women because it means that you have the grit to disagree with the unjust system and fight against it without being antagonised by your surroundings.

A man with mental illness sharing his story

Seshasayee was one of the 9 people who were completely funded to attend the Global Mental Health Summit held in 2009 in Athens, Greece by the World Psychiatric Association. The conference was about scaling up biomedical solutions in tackling mental health issues in developing and underdeveloped countries. She disagreed with that since she thinks it engages in commercialization and over medicalization which in reality can be solved by changing social attitudes and environments that are incapacitating. She was also invited to draft a white paper by Indian Government in 2009 to rewrite laws for mentally ill. She and other experts advocated various changes to be made in Mental Health Act of 1987. She tried to make the laws more in consonance with UNCRPD United Nations Convention For Rights Of People With Disabilities, which attributes social, political, cultural, economic and legal barriers rather than biomedical reasons to disability.

She is a part of the ‘VOICES’ PROJECT instituted by the National University of Ireland-Galway [NUIG]. She wrote a chapter “The Phoenix Rises” sharing her story pertaining to deprivation of full legal capacity, how it affected her and changes to be made in legal laws. NUIG plans to release it as a book with stories of various other distinguished disability advocates. She is also writing a book on realities faced by psychosocially challenged women which is basically from her life experiences. She gives individual counselling as well and looks ahead to open a college for mental health and train more self advocates to share their stories which she believes will create a snowballing effect in the recovery of clients.

Today, she is one successful self-advocate for mental health promotion who was trained by her Guru, Dr.Bhargavi Davar whom she aspires to emulate. Dr.Davar is a strong mental health activist and founder of the Bapu Trust for Research on Mind and Discourse, who promotes creative and non-psychiatric approaches to treat mental illness. GWRM has had phenomenal response from around the globe and she says the attitude towards women are no better in foreign nations but the tremendous family support  provided to  clients can be an added advantage in India despite the shortage of psychiatrists.


Dr.Lavanya commemorating the victims of Erwady Tragedy with Bapu Trust in 2010

Finally, she says a likeminded individual can contribute financially or as a volunteer to any of their many programs like The Women Hand-holders’ Program, Habilitation sessions to create Sister Self Advocates, Corporate Projects, Barefoot Peer Supporters. People can also link up with her movement if they are an art therapist, a musician, a body movement therapist, a theatre artist, a legal expert or a women’s activist.

Once, when people thought Schizophrenia would dilapidate her life, she was actually much stronger and used it to make a difference. She is now a doctor who was once a patient. This is what defines Lavanya Seshasayee today. Disabled or not, there are truly no limits to what a human being can do!

“Abled does not mean enabled. Disabled does not mean less abled.” ― Khang Kijarro Nguyen


Anil Annaiah, The ChangeMaker, was fascinated with the art of capturing images in a frame at an age as early as 11. Also, passionate about writing poems and essays, he was self-employed as an young entrepreneur. He was the founder and CEO of Annleela, a visual media company  started by him in 1989 during his college days.He worked as ideator, photographer, writer and filmmaker across corporate brands and development world for over a decade. In 1999, he collaborated with International Institute of Sustainable development (IISD), Canada, on a film production. He worked on 5 social marketing feature films about water, empowered by International Organisations, with well known actors across 5 states and in 6 languages.

These experiences made him to use his passion to bring about a change in the society. This is how he became a ChangeMaker. “BrandRadianz – Me The ChangeMaker” was founded in 2001, the same year his first book, “Nobody Speaks To [ME]” was released. He says [ME] is the true inner person residing within each of us. The book was about the need for brands to build radiance in the global society. He says the concept of Brand Radianz was introduced in that book and ideally calls it an “idea book”. The book’s core message stands till this day and it shows the value of the book and more urgent need for all to practice it.

Being a creative storyteller, he creates awareness among people about environment and nature through Art.


“Nature is Art for Conservation” is one among many projects of Brand Radianz which is a citizen science initiative using photography where the images challenge our perception of reality. According to him, a citizen scientist would be anyone who becomes aware of nature around him, observes it keenly, tries to understand its changing patterns and becomes an empathy-driven contributor to the larger pool of science data. Through films like “Discovering Science Through Lens,” he reveals nature’s secret for a sustainable environment. Discovering Science Through The Lens was a part of Swissnex – ScienceComm’17, India at the National Institute for Advanced Studies, IISC, Bangalore in June this year. On the account of Earth Day on 22nd April 2017, for the 4th consecutive year, the exhibition ‘Nature is art for conservation’ presented urban green gardens of Singapore in the name ‘City in the Garden Singapore’. In the creative concept of “A New Life Pledge”, he looks to inspire people to take a pledge for Conservation of Biodiversity and to become a citizen scientist.

Annaiah says the need of the hour is to protect our planet from climatic changes and to understand our environment in a holistic manner which is why he encourages people to live with nature and uses powerful and innovative tools to make people consider behavioral changes through projects like ‘SwachaGraha – start 3 Green Spots’. Annaiah says he had an opportunity to interact with leading experts of waste management domain – SWMRT and was inspired by their work before he could design SwachaGraha. 3 Green Spots is for composting your green waste, growing your own greens and using them in your kitchen. Apart from working diligently to bring about behavioral changes in our carefree perception of the environment, he also worked on different societal challenges like Education, Water and Autism awareness over the last two decades. “Now Get In” is a campaign for Autism awareness which is one of his future projects, it features his award-winning documentary “Let’s Leap Forward” as an important learning tool.

To him, Technology is a wonderful tool which would help protect our world. Using this, through Brand Radianz, he aims to impart a constant deep understanding of our problems and to get people engage in issues in which they can participate. Annaiah’s wish is to inspire each person on this planet and make them become ‘Me The ChangeMaker’. Being an author, he is an avid reader and has special interests on autobiographies. He believes that every good book offers us a valuable experience. He also authored 3 other books – Simple Perceptions, New Clouds, and My Mirrors which he says are writings of his thoughts.

Annaiah is multi-talented. Being an artist, filmmaker, photographer, ideator, storyteller, author, and CEO, he knew the techniques to blend those in right proportions to incite changes for social good. Anil Annaiah has a message for aspiring Indian youth, he wants them “to find goals for themselves that are meaningful and to work towards them sincerely. The fast-paced changing times calls for clarity of thought. One should apply their youthful energy and talents wisely. All should choose positive domains to work in and make a lasting contribution to the society we live in.”

If you want to change something, anything, you need to change first. You should be the change. Annaiah is one and wants us also to become one. A change.

                     “What you think, you become

                     What you feel, you attract

                 What you imagine, you create”                                        – Gautama Buddha


To know more, visit http://www.brandradianz.com/



Indian farmers have had a rough time during the last decade. Farmers in India are poor inspite of high food price inflation. Food inflation is caused when there is a supply issue (failed monsoons, natural calamities, famine, crop destruction), when food produces perish due to bad weather, when there is damage while storing or during transport, due to centralised hoarding and black marketing by distributors. This causes an artificial scarcity of produce in the market. In these cases there is a food price inflation and customers pay more for food produce but farmers get no benefit from the price hike.

Whether there is an inflation or not farmers get only a fixed value for their produce which is called Minimum Support Price (MSP), which is fixed by the government, and a small bonus sometimes. The MSP does not allow for big margins. The condition is the same even when the procurement is made by private sales middlemen. So majority of the profit goes into the hands of the middlemen or processing or distribution companies and retailers. Farmers don’t get any benefit for the market price movements.

Many farmers avail loans and take credits for many things like buying seeds, fertilizers and irrigation equipments. Prices of seeds and fertilizers remain high even during drought conditions. By the time the crop is ready for harvest the farmer has to pay his debts. Most farmers don’t have the facility to store the produce after the harvest. He takes his produce to the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee mandi. Here the farmers face transportation problems. The procurement infrastructure is much scattered and farmers do not have resources to bring their produce to mandis even when they are within 100 km from their villages. The farmers have to pay a transportation fee.

In the mandi the farmers are compelled to sell their produce to a specified buyer. The person in the mandi quotes a random price which is not acceptable by the farmer. Even in the government controlled auction centres officials and buyers conspire together secretly. Market is flooded with the produce and all the warehouses are full. The farmer is not able to do anything and he sells it at the price quoted by the commission agent in the mandi. Middlemen abuse farmers by buying their produce at low prices. Layer upon layer of middlemen mediate between the farmer and the consumer. The more the middlemen, the greater is the arbitrage and wider the gap between the price paid to the farmer and what the consumer pays.

Farmers struggle to sell their produce in the marketAgricultural Produce Marketing Committee prohibits the farmers from dealing directly with buyers and asks them to sell to licensed middlemen. The aim was to give India’s farming community a fair and consistent price for their produce. But over the years, the system has created several layers of intermediaries, lengthening the supply chain and increasing the opportunity for cartels to form, which in turn drive prices down for farmers and up for consumers.

Government announces MSP to insure farmers against any sharp fall in farm prices. The MSP is announced by the Government of India at the beginning of the sowing season on the basis of the recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices. The MSP is fixed by the government to protect the farmers against excessive falls in price during bumper production periods. At such times the supply is high and the demand is low. The farmers can always sell their produce at MSP. If the market price is above MSP then they can sell it at market price. If the market price falls below the MSP during bumper production then government agencies should purchase the produce at announced MSP. Only a few food grains are procured by the Government of India and hence fixing MSP for various agricultural produces has no meaning.

The food grains which come to the mandi are first made available to the private traders. Only when there is no buyer left to buy the produce the Food Corporation of India buys the grains at the MSP. MSP was started as a safety net for farmers through a guarantee that if their produce is left unsold in the market, it will be bought by the government. The procurement price is the price which the government pays when it buys food grains which is needed to maintain buffer stock or for Public Distribution System. Once the government has purchased the required quantity the left over produce can be sold only at MSP.

Food grains in the mandiThe MSP is always less than or equal to the government declared procurement price. Also the procurement price is always lower than the market price. MSP is announced before sowing the crop and procurement price is announced before harvesting the crop. MSP was introduced around 60 years back and now it fails to safeguard the farmers. Moreover government announces MSP for 25 crops only. 86% of farmers don’t come under MSP protection. MSP is not provided for fruits and vegetables.

Farmers are crying out for attention. The farmers are the majority voters in India but the government is not paying any attention to them. Only when the farmers are given pricing power farming will become a sustainable sector. What a farmer wants​ is a fair price for his produce. Who will fix it – the farmer or the government?

Marriage before the age of 18 is a fundamental violation of human rights. Many factors interact to place a girl at risk of marriage, including poverty, the perception that marriage will provide ‘protection’, family honor, social norms, customary or religious laws that condone the practice, an inadequate legislative framework and the state of a country’s civil registration system. Child marriage often compromises a girl’s development by resulting in early pregnancy and social isolation, interrupting her schooling, limiting her opportunities for career and vocational advancement and placing her at increased risk of domestic violence. Child marriage also affects boys, but to a lesser degree than girls. Despite modern times and a massive awareness program, child marriages continue to take place in Odisha.

Children who have resisted parental and societal pressure to get married before the legal age have joined hands to bring an end to the regressive practice in Odisha. As many as 33 boys and girls recently formed the ‘Odisha Child Marriage Resistance Forum’ and resolved to prevent untimely marriages and spread awareness among parents.

“As per the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)’s data released in 2013, Ganjam district has the highest number of child marriages in Odisha with 63 percent of girls getting married before 18 years,” says District Child Protection Officer (DCPO) Subodh Kumar Sarangi.

Pity conditions: 

In February this year, a 12-year-old girl of Chandanpur village under Golanthara Police station in Odisha’s Ganjam district was rescued by the Childline from being married off to a 21 years old boy. After the NGO stopped the marriage, the guy started threatening the girl’s family of abducting her and therefore the girl is now being kept at children home. She is one of five daughters of her parents. In a similar case, the NGO had, in June last year, saved a 12-year-old girl belonging to a tribal community from being married off to a 22-year-old guy in Jhagadei village of the district.

These two cases are among the many cases of child marriages being reported from Ganjam district.

Who decides?

The first question that comes to my mind is ‘Who is responsible when a girl is wedded before she turns 18 and becomes a mother — Is it the parents, the in-laws, neighbors, teachers, government or the child herself?’ Does anyone think on how marrying early and giving birth to a child at such a young age affects both the physical and mental health of the young girl?

Adolescent girls becoming mothers at an early age are most vulnerable to health problems and pregnancy-related complications. India has the world’s largest child population at 400 million. As per the 2011 census, around 253 million children in India are adolescents (in the age group of 10-19 years).

India also has the highest number of child brides in the world. UNICEF’s State of World’s Children 2014, ranks India 12th among 20 countries with a high rate of child marriages; India ranks first in absolute numbers though. Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have the highest incidence of child marriage. In Odisha, around 37 percent children marry before the legal age and this is rampant mostly in the southern districts.

Shocking numbers: 




15 28,055(Boys-7,226, Girls-20,829) 1,473 (Boys-389, girls-1,084)
16 29,965 (Boys-7,940, Girls-22,025) 926 (Boys-251, Girls-675)
17 41,925 (Boys-8,319, Girls-33,606)       833 (Boys-270, Girls-675)


Source: Census of India 2011

Taking a stand: 

ActionAid, an international voluntary organisation, and UNICEF have come forward to support the initiative of these brave children. Odisha is home to 3,232 children aged between 15 and 17 who have lost their spouses; 66 percent are widows, most of whom, by anybody’s guess, will remain widows for the rest of their lives.Early marriage, besides its several ills, also poses severe health risks to young girls, with premature childbirth leading to death is the single biggest risk of all.

What can be done to eradicate child marriages?

Sarangi opines that child marriages can be eradicated if various stakeholders including Child Development Project Officers, Police, Anganwadi centers and Child-line take stringent action against any case of child marriage before them. “Similarly, the society needs to accept that a girl is also a citizen of free India and has equal right to live her childhood,” he adds. On the other hand, director of Child-line (Berhampur) Sudheer Sabat suggests that leaders of different communities should be made aware and sensitized regarding the disadvantages of child marriages.

“These leaders can play the major role in changing the mindset of the people in their communities as people would listen to them. Besides, the youth committees can organize orientation programs at Anganwadi centers to create awareness among people about different schemes of the government related to women and child development,” he says.


The ocean is becoming more acidic, but what does that really mean? On a pH scale of 1 – 14, 1.0 is strongly acidic and 14.0 is strongly alkaline or basic; typically ocean waters are slightly alkaline and fall around 8.0-8.1 on this scale. Over the past hundred years, the pH of seawater has decreased, dropping 0.1 pH units. This is due to ocean acidification, a process that occurs when seawater absorbs carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air.

Ocean acidification research till date has looked at the effects of elevated CO2 and reduced pH on those organisms that form calcium carbonate (CaCO3) shells and skeletons, such as corals, molluscs, and coralline algae.More than a quarter of the carbon dioxide we release by burning fossil fuels is absorbed by the ocean where it reduces ocean pH and alters seawater carbonate chemistry. If we do not act to reduce our carbon dioxide emissions, these changes in ocean chemistry could have a devastating impact on many shell-forming organisms, such as corals and some planktons, and marine ecosystems as a whole.

Ocean acidification represents a key threat to coral reefs by reducing the calcification rate of framework builders. In addition, acidification is likely to affect the relationship between corals and their symbiotic dinoflagellates and the productivity of this association. However, little is known about how acidification impacts on the physiology of reef builders and how acidification interacts with warming.

So what can be done about ocean acidification? The obvious solution is to slow and eventually eliminate carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels and to develop approaches for removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Unless there is a dramatic change in our fossil fuel use, projected human-driven ocean acidification during this century will be larger and more rapid than anything experienced by marine life for tens of millions of years. And the problem will be with us for a long time because it takes centuries to thousands of years for natural processes, primarily mixing into the deep-sea and increased dissolution of marine carbonate sediments, to remove excess carbon dioxide from the air.

Although there will be biological winners as well as biological losers, it is likely that the ocean of the future under high carbon dioxide levels will look quite different within the lifetimes of today’s children if we continue on our current course.

Indian Army Major Leetul Gogoi of 53 Rashtriya Rifles, has been awarded with the Chief Of Army Staff  Commendation Card by Bipin Rawat on his brave and deliberate efforts in countering the insurgent operations in the valley.

How did this start?

During the Lok Sabha by-election in Srinagar, on 9th April 2017 where ITPB personnel and polling staff in Utligam were surrounded by 1200 people, including women and children who were protesting and pelting stones on these staff members. In order to handle the situation, Major Leetul reported to the spot and realised with this arrival, the situation got worse and then he was forced to take strict actions against these peltors. His act was simple enough which reflects his presence of mind in that stressful situation – He tied a man named Farooq Dar Ahmed on the bonnet of his Jeep as a human shield.


Why after one month, this story is trending as headlines? 

Because Major Leetul has been awarded and even got clean chit as Army officials didn’t find anything wrong. As they felt it was the need of the hour! Major Leetul has also given a statement that, “Had I not done that, the situation would have caused 10-12 severe casualties in the area”

Here, the crucial question is, How would you react if 1200 Kashmiris were attacking you and pelting stones at you and your team. Put yourself in that situation and think how you would have reacted ?

Before making any justification on his decision, remember Safe guarding the democracy of this youth oriented nation is the primary role of Army officers and in order to completely justify their role, they can cross any limits, be it across borders, or be it fighting with their “own” Indians.

There are many questions which are still unanswered–

  1. What was the root cause of this act?
  2. Will the impact of this act will be limited to this act only?
  3. What could have been the possible casualties if this decision was not taken?
  4. Does the excessive intervention of outsiders caused blindness in our Kashmiri youth?
  5. Why after tieing Farooq on the bonnet​, Kashmiris stopped their “nationalist” game?
  6. Why does Hypocrisy lie in our decision when the role of Indian Army comes into the picture, we want them to protect us but why do we impose conditions on their work then?

All this happens due to a single reason, the lack of trust and belongingness the people of Kashmir have on Indian Army.

Social media plays a crucial role in allowing youth to exercise their freedom of speech and expression on public platforms and due to this reason citizens are divided between right and wrong.

What Major Leetul did, was the need of the hour! 

Our Indian Army is not leaving any stone untruned in protecting and guarding this 1.2 billion democractic people but their efforts need recognition, and such a recognition was provided by Chief Army Officer Bipin Rawat by handling over a commendation certificate to the Major. Such recognition motivates our Indian Army to push their limits and they don’t listen to any bureaucrat or political leader while serving the nation at their best!

Hence, we at Indians News, strongly support this decision of Indian Army and motivate them to go ahead with these sudden surprises! 



One of the most important topics that have come to debate in the recent past is the one where one’s culture is being influenced by the west. India is a culturally rich country having more than thousands of diversifying cultures which have their history dated back to the beginning , yet it has now fallen prey to the western influence. Thanks to globalization and education. In this forum I would like to bring to the reader’s notice that this has been written in a completely subjective note and hence it is merely voicing out my opinions.
The culture and heritage that we have inherited from our forefathers and ancestors have definitely created an identity for us, a one that has strongly established our existence in the world and making a stamp on everyone’s page signifying our importance and what we represent. There were/are some conditions and superstitions that we would question and yes we have succeeded in removing many forms of evil from our cycle. But at this junction right now, we are blatantly beginning to question the basic elements which are the roots of our culture. The questioning spirit brought about by the rise in intellectual knowledge has fuelled our inquisitiveness to an extent where we question our own identity (indirectly). Further the concept of the world as a global village has further reduced the proximity amongst the different nations thus bringing them closer. This has resulted in cultural interaction and learning one another’s culture. This interaction is very beneficial for all cultures as it educates the others and also increases their knowledge. It might also help them in a certain way to counter problems they face. However the people have now started blindly accepting the western culture without any basic questioning or logic. They have rather started to accept the culture largely because it is followed worldwide and is a pseudo trend. The world then believed that racially the westerners were superior to the rest of the world and now they believe that the lifestyle and culture of the westerners is the global standard for people and society. They however fail to realize that their own indigenous culture is the oldest and has some original meaning concealed in various layers and also it is the one which the world respects. Unlike the American culture which is borrowed from all over the world, ours is one which makes us proud.
We have seen people who forget their mother tongue to start conversing in English so that the world believes that they are educated and literates. We have seen people move on from dhotis and pajamas to jeans and t shirts. People have also moved on from roti and ragi to pizza and pepsi. Let us not forget our staple food is staple to us because it suits the climate and the weather and not because it is the only thing that we could afford. Let us remember that with questioning comes logical thinking and scientific reasoning. When 3/4th of the world respects India today, it is not because India is changing rapidly. Its because India has still managed to retain its vibrant culture even though so many centuries have gone past. Unlike what we do always we should not let our cultures go extinct and then try to revive it back. Rather let us set out on a path where we pay equal importance to all cultures and yet forget none.


Safai Karmachari Andolan(SKA) is a movement to eradicate manual scavenging in India. Founded in 1994 by Bezwada Wilson along with S.R.Sankaran and Paul Divakar, it aims at total eradication of manual scavenging and rehabilitation of all scavengers for dignified occupations. Its mission is the liberation of manual scavengers from this caste-based, inhumane occupation which is spread across India. The Safai Karmachari Andolan focuses mainly on making the scavenger community aware of their rights and dignity. They also provide them with the advice regarding various legal issues.

Before having more discussion on SKA, we must first know

  • What is Manual Scavenging?
  • Who are Manual Scavengers?

Manual scavenging refers to the manual removal of raw and untreated human excreta from buckets or from the pits of simple pit latrines. According to Indian law 1993 the official definition of Manual Scavenger is:

“Manual scavenger” means a person engaged or employed, at the commencement of this Act or at any time thereafter, by an individual or a local authority or an agency or a contractor, for manually cleaning, carrying, disposing of, or otherwise handling in any manner, human excreta in an insanitary latrine or in an open drain or pit into which the human excreta from the insanitary latrines is disposed of, or railway track or in such other spaces or premises, as the Central Government or a State Government may notify, before the excreta fully decomposes in such manner as may be prescribed, and the expression “manual scavenging” shall be construed accordingly.”

It often involves using the most basic of tools such as buckets, brooms and baskets. Manual scavenging is traditionally done by the members of the Dalit caste, usually from the Balmiki or Hela subcaste.

As per International Labour Organization there are three forms of Manual Scavenging in India

  • Removal of human excrement from public streets and “dry latrines”
  • Cleaning septic tanks
  • Cleaning gutters and sewers

In the year 1993 under the leadership of Narshima Rao ,the Indian Government passed The Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act”.  punishes the employment of scavengers or the construction of dry  latrines with imprisonment for up to one year and/or a fine of Rs 2,000.  

Then in 2013 Government passed another actThe Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013″. The broad objective of the act is to eliminate unsanitary latrines and prohibit the employment of manual scavengers.

Despite progress, manual scavenging persists in India. According to the 2011 Indian Census , there are more than 2.6 million dry latrines in the country. It is most prevalent in Gujurat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Indian Railways is the biggest violator of these acts.

Thus to support them SKA was founded in 1994 by children of Manual Scavengers themselves for liberation from this ghastly occupation and dignity. Since then, it has grown progressively to become a national movement spread over 25 states of India, with the national secretariat in New Delhi.

While the primary focus is the rights of manual scavengers, SKA is also committed itself to working with all those engaged in ‘unclean’ occupations who fall within the ambit of ‘safai karmacharis’. SKA was instrumental in eradicating manual scavenging in as many as 139 districts, as of 2009.

In 2003 SKA along with its convenor filed the Public Interest Litigation in the Supreme Court.It was a major step in the eradication of manual scavenging.  They interestingly got an ironical pattern in the government responses. First, a total denial of existence of manual scavenging, next partial admission when they produced photographic evidence. Also they submitted a survey to the Ministy of Social Justice & Empowerment.

By 2007, the SKA felt the struggle was going too slow. The legal process had put the onus on the victims to prove manual scavenging existed. So they launched Action 2010, by which they vowed to end manual scavenging by 2010 by simply asking those engaged in the practice to leave the practice and find alternative work.

Strategic intervention’ for Action 2010
Year one – 2008 – ‘Occupational violence against Dalit women’
Year Two – 2009 – ‘stark reality of untouchability’
Year Three – 2010 – ‘Violation of Human Rights’

After the successful implementation of Action 2010, they organized Bhim Rath Yatra.

The Bhim Yatra is a journey of intolerance of the violence, discrimination and violation of our constitutional and fundamental rights. The journey is to expose the hypocrisy of the leaders and the shame of manual scavenging which is still rampant in the 21st century. It simultaneously spread Ambedkar’s ideas of social justice, liberty, equality and fraternity while proclaiming his war cry ‘educate, organise and agitate’.They also carried out Samajik Parivartan Yatra.

The Planning Commission of India constituted a sub-group on safai karmacharis with Bezwada as its convenor. The sub-group has submitted its report.

For Further details contact

Safai Karmachari Andolan
36/13 Ground Floor,
East Patel Nagar
New Delhi – 110 008
Ph: 011 – 25863166, 9311234793
Fax:011 – 25751482
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On November 30, 2016, the Home Ministry issued the order under Section 3, The Prevention Of Insults To National Honors Act, 1971 about the new rule of standing for the National Anthem in theaters. This new step brought with it a lot of controversies. People claimed it as dictatorship governance. They said it is a restriction to their expression and a non-democrative move. There were a lot of debates and campaigns went against it. Their opinion is we love India and we respect our national anthem. There is no need to show it. But my question to all of them is, why? What is the problem in standing merely for 52 sec for your National Anthem. If you already respect it, why can not you show it by standing for 52 sec? How can your freedom get harmed by standing for your national anthem?

This step is not to show others that you love your country and are a patriot but to show yourself that you love your country. If you observe you will realize that every small move of yours affects you psychologically. I know you love your country but love for anything is like the waves of a river, the overall potential is always the same but the depth varies here and there because of the flow. In the same way our love for the country is always equal but it’s existence in our life varies. For example, no one will disagree with this fact that on Republic Day and Independence day or any other National day, we feel more patriotic when compared to other days. It is not that you don’t love your country on the other days but it is just that you get busy with your work that you seldom get time to remember your country. Some time it happens with your family also. You miss your family’s affection very much some time whereas you miss it less some other time but if you give two to five minutes remembering your family, consequently your love for your family increases.

So this 52 sec of mandatory is made to make you remember your country everyday. And in my view no one should have a problem in this. Remembering your country at a small interval or everyday will only increase your love for your country. Neither it will question your freedom nor your democratic governmental environment.

India has the world’s second-largest mobile phone user base with over 929.37 million users as of May 2012. In the year 2008 mobile phone changed the way it was. Mobile Phones became smartphones. It was not only for calling but useful for other purposes too. Before some years, mobiles were there just to call and converse with people if needed. But later on it became the approach for anything and everything. And I don’t think that anybody will deny the contribution of Android in this outcome. But very few know the story behind it.

Most of us think that Android was founded by Google, but it is not the reality. It was built by four not so known software engineers in the year 2003. ‘Andy Rubin’ was one of them. The intention behind it was to make a smart phone with an advanced operating system for digital cameras. But because of the poor response from market, they diverted their effort to make a operating system which can compete with Symbian and Microsoft Windows Mobile.

This whole process went very secretly, No body was aware of this project. Google then went with this innovation to enter the mobile market. HTC Dream was the first commercially available smartphone having Android as it’s operating system, released on October 22, 2008 under the supervision of Andy Rubin and group. Sundar Pichai, succeeded Andy Rubin as the next head of Android and Chrome OS before becoming CEO of Google.

People were a lot skeptical about Android in the starting but became fan of it later. Android also came into smart watches. But Sony was the first company to launch a smartwatch with Android OS in 2010. Android also developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Android Wear for wrist watches,each with a specialized user interface. Variants of Android are also used on notebooks, game consoles,digital cameras, and other electronics. Today after a decade of it’s invention Android has acquired 85% of the smartphone OS market share. Later this became the reason behind the stress in the relationship between Google and Android. Otherwise before some years iphone was configured with a number of Google application. We are surrounded by Android just like air.