Politics

Who is the President?

The president of the republic India is the head of state of India. He is also the commander-in-chief of Indian Armed Forces. He is indirectly elected by the people through members of both houses of the parliament of India, legislative assemblies of all the states of India, the legislative assembly of the Union Territory of Puducherry, as well as Legislative Assembly of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. His period is for five years. He takes oath as the president in front of  the Chief Justice of India.

What are the roles of President as per the Constitution? 

A duty of the President is to preserve, protect, and defend the constitution and laws of India which is a part of his oath. There is no bar on the actions of the President to contest in the court of law.  The post of President in the country is considered to be supreme of all.

What is the role of President in this “democratic”India?

Now in the present, it is entirely different! The rules are framed by political parties. They neglect the rules and laws of our Indian Constitution. They change them according to their own wishes.

Isn’t it against the law? Isn’t it a sin to change the laws​ of the constitution just for the benefit of a few powerful people? Does it mean all must follow the rules that are framed by them?

The political system of India is entirely corrupted. Everybody is being selfish thinking only of themselves, as if they are the only being living in this country. As if others are mere stones and rocks. It is their wish to follow the rules or not to but they should not frame the laws or change the rules which are common to all the people in India.

The rules were drafted for the welfare of the people. India is known to the world as a democratic country. Democracy is defined as the government of the people, by the people and for the people. The politicians and their parties are appointed to the welfare for the public. But as of now, the democracy practiced in India is more about the survival of the politicians. The people are expected to be their servants and toys to shake their heads according to the rules framed by them.

Gone are the days where the government functioned for the people and their welfare.

  • Of the people became off the people. It has cut off the people from the political laws of the constitution.
  • By the people has become buying the people. Politicians have started buying people in the name of doing some welfare for them during elections.
  • For the people has now become Far from the people which means the government is far away from the people. It has distanced from the social principles of freedom. A gap has formed between the power and the people in India.

The government is entirely taken up by the politicians and their parties. Political parties inherently corrupted and  are destroying the morals of our society. It is all because the top most powers, the Prime Minister, and the President are poorly defined Governance of our country.

But is it happening in India? How can a particular political party alone discuss or nominate the candidate for Presidential election, without the consultation of the other party members? This situation is happening in India for the first time. It shows that anybody can become the President of India, and can have the power to handle the whole country. Can it be given to a person who is without an experience or just that he was nominated or influenced by the ruling party?

The government in the name of responsibility has become irresponsible. Corruption has totally abducted our India. It has totally eaten up our entire government and its laws. We the people had given them powers with the hope that justice will be given to us. But it is not so. In India there is no way to expect for a good rule by the government until the politics of the political parties is stopped. Until or unless the entire power is given to the people, India will not come back to its original form that it was earlier. Or else the democracy of India and its rules for the welfare of the people will be remain only as a history and will never be a reality.

The sudden proclamation of the BJP government has surprised the Indians regarding presidential election 2017. BJP government nominated Bihar Governor and senior BJP leader Ram Nath Kovind as the National Democratic Alliance’s Presidential nominee.

Ram Nath Kovind has elevated himself as a senior BJP leader and Bihar governor though, he emanated from Dalit family.

Brief background of Ram Nath Kovind:

He was born on October 1, 1945, in Uttar Pradesh. He was the first Dalit leader who stepped into politics in 1994. He has also served as a member of the board of management of Dr.B.R Ambedkar University, Lucknow. Even though, he passed the civil service examination instead of being a IAS officer, he practiced law in high court and also in Supreme Court for 16 years. Ram Nath Kovind joined Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) in 1991 and became the president of BJP Dalit Morcha. He also served as national spoke person of the party. In 1991, he became MP from the state of Uttar Pradesh. As a Member of Parliament, he had emphasized on the field of education in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. On 8 Aug 2015, he became the Governor of Bihar. He had represented India in the United Nations and addressed the UN Assembly in October 2002.

He had raised his voice for the welfare of the Dalits and was a representative of Dalits at diverse platforms. He was considered to be the crusader for the Dalits. If he wins the Presidential election, he will be the second Dalit President of India after Kocheril Raman Narayanan.

BJP government suggests him as the Presidential nominee because they felt that he possesses​ all the relevant qualities. But it will be known to us only after the election! The result of the electoral college was also in favor of him. He is higher than his opponent by 60%.

There are so many oppositions for choosing him as the presidential nominee. Despite that, he filed his nomination papers on 23rd June 2017 in the presence of Narendra Modi, BJP president Amit Shah, L K Advani, Murali Manohar Joshi, Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrashekhar Rao, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palanisami.

His resignation as Governor follows after his nomination. Pranab Mukherjee accepted his resignation as Governor of Bihar in Rashtrapati Bhawan on Tuesday. Ram Nath Kovind said, “I am thankful to all those who have supported me, I will try to maintain the dignity of the post.” In his speeches, he uses some of his favorite words “every one of us needs to be the best of this Shamta (capacity), Samata (maintain parity), Namrata (humility) and Mamata (love).” It would be nice if the same is implemented when he gains the position!

India brings out the person to fight, who was hidden in the dark till now. So far, Ram Nath Kovind was unknown to most of the people, but by becoming the presidential nominee, he is now known to the world.

The recent buzz about President Trump withdrawing the U.S from the Paris Climate Agreement has been spreading worldwide. But the major question for a lot of people has been, what exactly is the Paris Climate Agreement? The Paris Climate Agreement was adopted on 12 December, 2015. 196 countries negotiated the agreement and it came into effect by consensus. The agreement basically outlined the responsibilities of each country in combatting climate change. The key points are as follows:

  1. Each nation can determine how much they are going to contribute in reduction of their carbon emissions. Meaning it is their decision as to how much resources their country is able to provide in the fight against global warming.
  2. The contributions are not binding. Meaning there is no law forcing the countries to meet these set goals and there are no penalties for not meeting them.
  3. The only fallback is a “name and encourage” system, or in other words a name and shame campaign. If the targets are not met, the countries that haven’t met their goals will be identified for the whole world to see.

What exactly is the big deal about the Paris Climate Agreement?

The aims of the Paris Climate Agreement are to firstly increase our ability to deal with climate change by switching to renewable sources without affecting our food production and ability to function. Secondly, it puts the importance in ensuring that countries understand that the future of their economies should move towards financing renewable sources in order both boost their economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Most importantly, the Paris Climate Agreement aims to hold the increase in the Global Average Temperature as below 2 degrees Celsius as possible.

If the global average temperature increases beyond 2 degrees Celsius, scientists have determined that it will have irreversible effects to the planet.

What it Means For The U.S to Pull Out

The U.S pulling out has a great deal of significance for the world. First of all, there are only 3 countries that are not a party to the agreement. Nicaragua, because they thought the agreement was not strict enough on developed countries. Syria, because they are facing war and cannot deal with this issue. And now the U.S, because President Trump has deemed it a way for the rest of the world to diminish the U.S economy. By pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement, the U.S has now demonstrated once more to the world that they have become unreliable. It affects their image with the rest of the world. Furthermore, being one of the greatest contributors to carbon emission, it’s dangerous for them to make no contribution to the curbing of their emissions. But most importantly, by leaving the agreement they set an example for other countries to not police their contributions well. They can now become lax and maybe even reduce the amount they wish to commit to reducing their emissions.

In UK, it’s time of general elections. Conservatives are said to be the largest party with expectation of 316 seats and Labour 261 seats. Labour has won a handful of seats from the Tories.

As per the latest declaration, Labour has won Enfield Southgate. The Lib Dems have won Oxford West and Abingdon from the conservatives. Caroline Lucas won Brighton pavilion. SNP election ends in Hung Parliament.

Theresa May said “If we get Brexit right, we can build a Britain that is more prosperous and more secure. A Britain in which prosperity and opportunity is shared by all. A Britain where it’s not where you come from or who your parents are that matter, but the talent you have and how hard you are prepared to work. The greatest meritocracy in the world.”

Theresa May is likely to lose after her election campaign for Brexit. The Conservatives are the largest party but they don’t hold enough majority to win the election. Theresa loses her majority seats. Her campaign included the Brexit issue. But didn’t seem pretty well for people as they believe that she is a recipe for survival not stability. This move has proved advantageous for the opposition party, Jeremy Corbin. He has strengthened​ his points for Brexit negotiation for UK’s better and stable economy.

Distressed on this election result, Theresa May now seeks to form a new government either as a minority or as a coalition with other parties and if the permission is granted, she will have to survive a motion of confidence in House of Commons after Parliament opens on June 19. If MAY fails to survive in the House of Commons cannot be the Prime Minister and should give her resignation letter to Queen Elizabeth II. Queen will then invite the opposition party leader Jeremy Corbyn to form his government. If he also fails to survive, then fresh elections would be held.

The similar situation happened on 12 May 2010 where David Cameron formed a coalition part with liberal democratic party which lasted full five year term.

Theresa May is planning to form a new coalition government with Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party. She will start the negotiation with the party to gain majority.

The son of an Indian doctor and an Irish nurse Leo Varadkar came out publicly as gay in 2015, has won the leadership race for the ruling party to become the country’s youngest ever and first homosexual Prime Minister of Ireland.

In the 2015 interview with RTE radio Varadkar said, “It’s not something that defines me, I am not a half Indian politician or a doctor politician or a gay politician, It’s just part of who I am, It doesn’t define me. It is a part of my character, I suppose.”

Varadkar faced a stiffer than expected challenge in the centre from his rival, Housing Minister Simon Coveney. Mr. Varadkar will officially take over as the Taoiseach, Republic of Ireland’s Prime Minister. He won majority of the votes and is declared as the 11th leader of the party as counting concluded at Mansion House in Dublin.

He worked as a general practitioner before winning a seat in the Parliament in 2007 and has rapidly risen through the party ranks, holding several ministerial portfolios including Minister for social protection and Minister for transport tourism and sports. He also compaigned for same sex marriage and liberalising abortion laws.

Kenny also gave full support to Leo by saying that, “It is a great honour for him and I am sure he will put all his efforts to work for the people to improve their lives. He also thanked Simon Coveney for a good and real contest.

After the final votes were counted Varadkar said, he was delighted, humbled and honoured to win. It is a sign showing how much Ireland has changed and moved on and no one really cares if he is gay here.

From the election of Donald Trump to Brexit, people are worried about securing their borders and lax immigration laws. With the vast influx of Syrian immigrants flooding into European nations and America. Combined with the often occurring terrorist attacks. People are afraid. This fear is turned towards the unknown. Therefore the newest group within their society becomes the target. Whether it’s the immigrants or Muslims for their relation to the faith that the extremists have perverted.

First and foremost, it’s within our psychology to seek a social identity. Social Identity Theory states that we divide the world into groups of “us” vs. “them”. The “us” or the in-group is known to discriminate against the out-group “them” to enhance their self-image. In this case, alleviate their fears.

Relying on the fears of the people in a time of uncertainty and directing it towards a particular group is nothing new. Hitler used the uncertain economy in Germany to discriminate and decimate the Jewish population.

It’s an age old story, and it has happened over and over again in history. Once again, we are seeing world leaders like Trump run on a platform of fear and blame to discriminate against minorities. Incidentally, now uniting fringe groups who rejoice that racism is back. These leaders send a message that it is perfectly okay to discriminate based on race, gender, sexual orientation or faith.

Subsequently, now spreading through the world is the common slogan “send them back to where they came from”. Ignoring that many of the so-called immigrants have either long established themselves as citizens, or come from a dangerous background seeking asylum.

The Spread of Fear and Hatred

It’s the time of revival of old slurs and provocative behavior. In numerous universities in the U.S there were instances where black students found themselves confronted with bananas hung from trees in remembrance of past lynching or racist slurs flung at them. People of color all around the nation find themselves fearing for their safety and worrying about their families.

Furthermore, the far right parties have found this moment to step forward and try to claim positions of power. In the French election one of the main frontrunners was Marin Le Pen. A candidate from the extreme right group advocating stronger immigration policies and implicit discrimination.

There is no way to legitimately shut down these discriminatory voices in nations where the leaders themselves condone this behavior.

Combatting Discrimination

Fortunately, during these trying times there is a ray of hope. There are nations that stand well apart from this behavior and model acceptance and inclusive ideals. Canada for one is a prime example of inclusivity, from their diverse cabinet to their open acceptance of immigrants.

France is another country, where despite being hit by wave after wave of terrorist attacks, voted against Marin Le Pen and have remained removed from the virus of institutional discrimination.

It’s alarming that there has been such a rise in the far right movements reach for power.

In times like these it becomes paramount for the rest of the world to stand in solidarity with inclusion and acceptance. It is at times like these when the people are called to go above and beyond to ensure that no person has to fear for their safety because of who they are.

There are people who take on faith as a cover for their violent terrorist behavior. There are people who use patriotism as a cover for their institutionalized discrimination. It doesn’t allow for the rest of the world to stand by and watch passively.

You can send support to several organizations overseas who support and build homes for refugees. You can send funds to doctors who work tirelessly in places that pose a danger to their own lives. Most of all, you can look within your own communities and stand against the discrimination within. India is not excluded from the nations that suffer from discrimination. Look at the suffering of the Dalit community.

Acceptance comes from a place where you realize that while we may come from different belief systems or faiths, or speak different languages we share one common trait. Despite all our differences we are all human and deserve to be treated as such.

Governments and politics have always been in the biased clutches of nepotism all around the world. Nepotism can be defined as the practice of using power and influence to favour relatives and friends over others, especially while giving jobs and making promotions. Manu Joseph has quoted in his New York Times article that, “The Indian elite is a system where there is a 100 percent reservation for its own genetic material”.

India is not untouched from Nepotism:

The State cabinet ministers in Kerala have decided to pass a legislation which would curb nepotism in government appointments. The decision has been provoked by frequent controversies that were made after the appointment of some relatives of CPM leaders to high-ranking posts in few public sector undertakings (PSUs). All the top posts like the Managing Director in PSUs will now be allotted only after scrutinisation by the vigilance committee.

The Samajwadi Party is repeatedly accused by opposition leaders as well as media houses of promoting nepotism in politics. BSP leader Mayawati states that they support nepotism rather than socialism. Similarly, Congress has been pelted with accusatory comments from a long time in Indian politics as the Gandhi-Nehru family continued to appoint prime leaders from their family. Rahul Gandhi, is often criticised of being a hereditary successor to his family’s political background without being worthy of the role.

Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi encouraged political leaders and portfolio-holders not to ask for tickets for their kindred or friends as there are other hard-working and deserving candidates who might miss upon the opportunity. It has been reported that several party leaders have cited their family members’ achievements and merits on their own letter-heads to create a good picture about how they have worked tirelessly for the parties and the community.

World’s powerful nation also follows Nepotism: 

The US President Donald Trump has been attacked for practicing nepotism in appointing his son-in-law as a senior advisor in the White House a little while back. The legal fraternity holds two different views on this issue. One is that since the anti-nepotism law enacted in 1978 allows the President to appoint his own White House staff without interference of any other provision of law dealing with employment, Trump has made no mistake. The other viewpoint states that the decision by Trump violates a 50 year old federal law and will set up a bad example for the future Presidents of the US.

Pakistan is no far too:

Nepotism can be observed in the politics of Pakistan as well. Bilawal Zardari, whose mother and grandfather are both former Prime Ministers of Pakistan, is the Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party. He went abroad to study and returned to take up a hereditary political role.

Neither UK is untouched, be it in politics or in private agencies! 

The United Kingdom does not have specific anti-nepotism laws but nepotism policies are adopted by several private companies. It has been stated that more than 200 MPs used their parliamentary allowances and liberties to employ their relatives and friends to different official posts in the U.K. It has often been suggested that nepotism should be banned in the United Kingdom but no conclusive law has been made till now.

Though some countries do not have anti-nepotism laws but private companies can put in place employee policies regarding nepotism at workplace.

So it can be summarised that nepotism has infiltrated world politics.

History was created when Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi, took oath as the Prime minister of India on 26 May 2014 at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. A person who is an engine of growth, a person who is dedicated, determined and passionate towards his work, a person who is the “Dabbang” of India. That’s him–That’s Narendra Modi.

He believes in “Antyodaya” which means to uplift the weakest section of the society. His work gives a ray of hope and aspiration to billions of Indians.

Modi’s rise in politics started from Gujarat state government. In Gujarat, majority of middle class people were businessmen and Modi made their lives easy by simplifying the business processes. People were influenced by his work. Gujarat was the fastest state to develop in India. This was possible only because of Modi’s governance and the people of Gujarat.

After Modi was elected as the Prime Minister of India, people had same hope and expectation as they had for Gujarat because Gujarat was the shining example of development under Modi government. Modi made new promises with the slogan of bringing Ache Din. Well, all these promises and policies were fulfilled to some extent. After all, Modi is a MAN OF WORDS AND ACTION.

Modi has completed 3 years of governance. In his past three years of governance, our Prime Minister has lead the country to major growth, development, and upliftment through implementation of Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, Make In India, Digital India, Black Money Act, Jan Dhan Yojana, Income Declaration Scheme and so on. He is highly influenced by Swami Vivekananda and Mahatma Gandhi.

The thought of Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan was started, to accomplish Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of clean and hygienic India. His team went to celebrities to spread awareness on SBA. Why did he do that? Because he knows that for people in India, three things are most impactful, Bollywood, Sports and Politics, and he just knew that people will follow them. Clever enough!

 

Most of the policies introduced by the government had a positive influence on the economy. Although, during the demonetisation period there was lot of mismanagement but it developed the government’s image as the government which is serious about fighting corruption.

Modi made many international trips to attain strong Geo-political stand. And yes, India did receive positive response from the major countries like China, Bhutan, USA, and Japan.

“I can promise you. If you work 12 hours, I will work for 13. If you work 14 hours, I will work for 15 hours. Why? Because I am not a pradhan mantri, but a pradhan sevak”. 

In the past three years, the overall report has been positive to some extent. Although, there were criticisms​ by the opposition as being a secular party.  This action can prove a big win in the next Lok sabha election.

Modi is a man of action. At the age of 66, he is energetic, and workaholic. He has a clear vision for India. He knows the problems​ of India and feels it. India needs more leaders​ like him who will have both power and passion. Passion to work for both, PEOPLE and COUNTRY.

  • Foreign tourist Arrivals has increased from April 2016 to April 2017. During this year FTA rate was hiked to 23.5%.
  • From April 2016 to April 2017 Foreign Tourist Arrivals on e-Tourist visa has enlarged. It was raised to 63.4%.
  • On the basis of Nationality – wise, Port-wise data, received from Bureau of Immigration (BOI), Ministry of Tourism compiles monthly estimates of Foreign Tourist Arrivals and Foreign Tourist Arrivals on e-Tourist Visa.

On the month of April 2017, the important highlights regarding FTAs and also FTAs on e-Tourist Visa from tourism are the following:

Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTA):

  • On April 2015, the number of FTAs is 5.42 lakh and it was higher in April 2016 as 5.99 lakhs and on April 2017 it was increased to 7.40 lakh.
  • The Growth rate of FTA in April 2017 over April 2016 is 23.7% compared to 10.7% in April 2016 over April 2015.
  • During the period of January – April 2017 the growth of FTAs is increased to 15.4% with a profit of 35.85 lakh compared to the growth of FTAs in January – April 2016 over January – April 2015 is 10.1% with a profit of 31.08 lakh.
  • Among the top 15 source countries the percentage share of Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) in India during April 2017, Bangladesh was first (23.07%) the second position was followed by USA (10.65%) and third was the UK with (10.51%) and the least was by Singapore (1.69%) and Nepal by (1.61%).
  • During April 2017 the percentage share of Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) in India among the top 15 ports Delhi Airport was at first (29.20%) followed the second by Mumbai Airport (15.48%) and the third by Haridaspur Land Check post (12.88%) and the last was by Amritsar Airport (1.23%).

Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) on e-Tourist Visa:

  • On April 2017,  total number of tourists arrived on the e-Tourist visa is 1.14 lakh compared to the total number in April 2016 which is 0.7 lakh, registering growth of 63.4%.
  • A total of 5.82 lakh tourists arrived on the e-Tourist visa in January – April 2017. This is an increase compared to 3.91 lakh tourists during January – April 2016 with the growth of 48.8%.
  • During April 2017, the percentage shares of top 15 source countries availing e-Tourist visa facilities are as follows:

The UK was highest with ( 21.6%), the second highest the USA (10.2%) and the third by China         (6.1%), fourth and fifth by Russian Fed (6.1%) and France (5.1%) and the last by Singapore (1.6%).

  • The percentage shares of top 15 ports in tourist arrivals on e-Tourist Visa during April 2017 were as follows:First by New Delhi Airport(48.6%) and the second Mumbai airport and the third Dabolim (Goa) Airport (7.2%), fourth and fifth by Bengaluru Airport (5.4%), Chennai Airport (5.1%), and the last by Pune Airport (0.1%).

Standard Operating Procedures for tracing missing children was developed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, as per the direction of honorable Supreme Court dated on Jan 13, 2015. WCD Ministry has developed it in the matter of Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA), Indian Based Movement campaigning for the rights of children vs. The Union of India (Writs Petition, (Civil)). Ministry of WCD have complied a model of SOP utilized by all states and Union Territories to deal with the cases of missing children and to follow a uniform procedure throughout the country.

In rule of 92 of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Model Rules, 2016, has laid down a procedure of inquiry regarding a missing child. Model Rules 2016 defines a missing child as – ‘a child whose whereabouts are not kenned to the parents, legal guardian or any other person or institution legally entrusted with the custody of the child, whatever may be the circumstances or causes of disappearance, and shall be considered missing and in desideratum of care and protection until located or his safety and salubrity established’.

The main objective of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) anticipates availing police, Child Welfare Committee and Juvenile Justice Board dealing with the cases of missing and found are recuperated children. Also, to ensure that appropriate and timely care, protection, attention is provided to victims and witnesses. It is generally stated that missing children are usually who are separated from their parents/guardians/stakeholders. SOP also includes its concerns in setting out the cognation to those children who are found/traced by the police, Child line, CWC or any other organization till their parents/guardian/family is traced and the child is restored.

The primary responsibility of the police is to track the missing children. It also defines the responsibility of Investigating Officer. The SOP has been shared with all the Director Generals of Police and Principal Secretaries of States and Union Territories for further use.
The systems of SOP is to obviate further victimization of missing children and ensure appropriate and timely protection, and attention provided to victims and witnesses.