Science

The Indian Navy has been keeping a close tab on Chinese submarines entering the Indian Ocean Region through its very own military satellite GSAT-7, also known as Rukmini. GSAT-7 Rukmini, weighing nearly 2650 kg was the first military communication satellite developed by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for the Indian Defence forces with the Indian Navy being the primary user. Rukmini is the last of ISRO’s seven fourth generation satellites.

Rukmini was launched early on August 30, 2013 a top an Ariane 5 ECA rocket from Kourou in French Guinea. This gave India a major push in maritime security.

It was successfully placed into a geosynchronous Orbit around 3600 km above Earth, nearly five days prior to its launch after atleast 3-orbit raising manoeuvres from ISRO’s Master Control Facility in Karnataka’s Hassan.

Rukmini is used exclusively by the Indian Navy to secure real-time communications between its numerous warships, aircraft, submarines and land-based communication systems.

The GSAT-7 also has an approximately 2000 nautical mile footprint over the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). It is an advanced communication satellite that will provide a wide range of service spectrum from low bit rate voice to high bit rate data communication.

Scientists say, its payload is designed to provide communication capabilities to users over a wide oceanic region which include the Indian Land Mass.

Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C38) successfully took off on its 40th flight and is carrying the Cartosat-2 series satellite along with 30 co-passenger nano satellites​ from Sri Harikota in Andhra Pradesh at 5:29 a.m on Thursday.

The PSLV-C38 launched with 712 kg Cartosat-2 series satellite for earth observation and 30 co-passenger nano satellites together weighing about 243 kg at lift off into a 505 km polar Sun Sybchronous Orbit (SSO) at 9:29 am on Friday.

The co-passenger satellites comprise 29 nano satellites from 14 countries- Austria, Belgium, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, the United Kingdom and The United States of America besides a nano satellite from India.

Cartosat-2 is a remote sensing satellite, a dedicated satellite for the defence forces. It is similar in configuration to earlier satellites in the series with the objective of providing high-resolution scene specific spot imagery. It can recognise objects within the square area (0.6m×0.6m). It can be used in identifying terrorist camps and bunkers.

In this modern technology, we want everything to be technologized and smart, this has given way to the emergence of Artificial Intelligence. In short, replacement of humans with computerized machines, and computers to complete the work faster and smarter. By 2045, many experts say computers will be more intelligent than humans.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is defined as the theory and development of computer systems and computerized machines which are able to perform tasks such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. It is complex in nature. It builds up of various complicated mixture of computer science, mathematics, psychology, neuroscience etc. Complex programming helps these machines to replicate the cognitive abilities of human beings.

From a survey of the stock market, it is found that a company in U.S does more than 500 million automated trades per month, so here a robot takes tonnes of information, makes a decision every millisecond and makes millions of hundreds of dollars every year. This is just an example what artificial intelligence is going to make, it is going to happen every industry in the world. There is no chance that human could compete with artificial intelligence until they are original. Artificial Intelligence is a part of big data and complex algorithms to arrange our Facebook timeline or beat us at chess.

Indian government is trying to elevate India through Digital India. India has a poor identity information for every individual, with the use of artificial intelligence, we can expand digital access nationwide.

Some basic problems which can be solved in India with AI:

Traffic is a major problem faced in India with the use of GPS and Maps, people can find the shortest routes and get rid of traffics which consumes their time.

AI also can help out youngsters in space research and exploration in detecting errors in the rockets and space ships and also help them out in placing the satellites correctly in the orbits without any inconvenience.

One of the major issues​ faced by Indians are the activities happening at border, many soldiers are sacrificing their lives in order to save our nation. This can be reduced with the emergence of AI in Indian Army. AI can detect Foreign bodies, bombs prior. Easily can diffuse bombs without any damage to human lives. AI can put a stop to the loss of lives in India because of terrorism.

India is slowly placing itself in the field of science. AI can be a good companion for youngsters to promote themselves in research and also can help them to invent new techniques in science.

In many companies’ youngsters are about to work in night shifts but that has caused many health issues. Here, AI can replace humans in working at night times.

AI can also replace humans in agriculture field with the emergence of machines and technologies that make the work even more easier. Through artificial intelligence, we can detect many problems that undergo in the cultivation process. AI will be a great support to farmers in agricultural production.

But how far is AI feasible in India?

Already many youngsters in India are facing the problem of unemployment. By introduction of Artificial Intelligence, youngsters who are currently working will also become unemployed. The life of young people in India will become a big question mark!

Cost required for repair and maintenance of the AI will be very high. Needs​ to be updated every now and then with changing requirements.

Moreover, AI doesn’t have any sympathies and they are not processed in that way, so they might risks our own lives. They might cause problems to humans and there is also a chance of misusing them. Because hacking of information is equally possible which then can be misused.

If we are about to discuss the Cons of AI it is equal to the number of Pros. AI is most welcomed in India but we must bring a solution to the Cons that arises because of AI. If not, it will surely affect the life of upcoming Indians.

There has been a lot of buzz about wearables such a Google Glass, Apple’s iWatch and Samsung’s Galaxy Gear smartwatch.

Wearable computing devices let users to go hands-free, there are lot of ways they could be useful at work. Sporting a pair of smartglasses, staring at a blank wall and using hand gestures to superimpose data on 3D image of an airport could help visualise a set of chain reactions​ likely to be triggered in an emergency. Such a representation of data can help crisis handlers better manage a situation.

SITA lab, a facility dedicated to strategic research to drive innovation in the air transport sector, is working on swift boarding using smart glasses from Vuzix and Google Glass. The SWIFT boarding with Smart glasses project involves providing agents in boarding area with smart glasses with built-in camera, scanner and head up display, which can be used to securely verify passport and boarding pass information for faster bording.

Microsoft HoloLens, a pair of smartglasses is a self contained holographic computer enabling users to engage with digital content. It runs on Windows 10 and enables the blending of physical and digital worlds in ways that were previously impossible.

Data such as passenger real time location, aircraft position, gate information, flight status information, security wait times and retail dwell times can be supplied between Airport management software and HoloLens data. This information merged with 3D real time views can help to forsee the impact a flight delay could have on all subsequent flights as well as to predict the rush of passengers.

To make Wearable technology, a reality in the airport of the future, the passenger and document processing times using the technology wil have  to be optimised.

We need to learn how to interact in the new environment. In the same way that we moved from computers to smart phones and voice recognition, now we can  go beyond the screen.

Internet has opened gates for everyone connected to it, to connect throughout the world. Over the decades it has become an integral part of everyone’s life. Earlier internet was basically created to connect two or more computers throughout the world but today the whole view of internet has changed. It has become an ultimate source of news, information, entertainment and much more. Its services are not limited to just one or two aspects.

Today a kid from primary school needs internet to complete his homework and an old man also needs internet to do various day to day jobs. The main aim of internet was to share technologies and ideas from one place to all parts​ of the world. Today internet has become a major part of life of a youth who is looking over to different career aspects, or finding new ways to earn a living. The internet acts as a guide, teacher, helper and what not! It gives us much needed exposure to the world by giving us ideas of the things happening around the globe and also giving new ideas to achieve new heights.

In Indian scenario where parents are in a constant habit of spying and controlling all the activities of their children, how far is internet useful? Is the exposure on screen enough for the youth from such houses to dream and achieve it?

In metro cities children are given liberation to choose their career as they wish. But small towners, they can’t even decide anything else other than what their parents wish, pursuing is out of question! Under this situation what does a young mind actually need? Is internet enough to feed his curiosity?

Technology has provided a lot to the youth through Internet. But their demand keeps on growing. Internet exposure has advantages and disadvantages​ in many ways, it depends on the user how he wants to use it.

Parents in small towns​ believe that internet is only for youngsters to waste their time on messaging apps and social sites. They want their kid to succeed but having their physical presence and according to their will. The virtual world is not what they believe in. Along with this, the fact that “adulterated” content is easily available on internet makes them more curious to know what happens on the screen when they are away.

Ask any parent today whose children age between 7 to early 20’s and you will hear a genuine complain that their children are being busy on their phones or laptop. You can hear this from 9 out of 10 parents. Here, they are not wrong on their part but it raises trust issues. They must have trust on their blood and values. Checking on your child’s internet usage is good but keeping an eye all day and not letting them imagine out of the box is not. They still have to learn that internet is far more versatile and useful than this. It gives new opportunities to work and study, to choose different profession out of one’s interest which might not be available in their city, state or even country. In most of the cases parents are scared of their children getting fooled. Since there was no internet in their time, they believe that most of the opportunities given or provided are usually fake and non-practical. The youth today wants to learn from their own mistakes. They want to fly with the wings made by them. Sure the net is full of frauds but that’s where children need the family to give moral support and advice.

Internet has many users​ and a must for today’s generation but to attain a 100% success exposure and liberation is equally important. Virtual exposure gives you the wings but practical exposure gives you courage to fly.

When did you last talk to your customer care service exceutive? Did you talk with a human or a bot?

Very interesting, isn’t it? Its ok! Don’t worry you are born curious and stay in that way because we are here to answer all your questions which arise in your mind.

Even if you haven’t started using chatbots, gear up to hear a lot about them. Poncho is the top ranked chatbot on Chatbottle. This futuristic sounding customer-service tool is already in use by some huge brands like Sephora and KLM and its poised to become the next big thing in marketing sector. Like Siri for brands, chatbots are quickly rising as a new “voice” in consumer communications. These chatty computer programs respond to texts or digital chats, effectively carrying on superficial-conversations with the humans. These bots have stronger conversation abilities than ever before.

There are different ways in which chatbots can be programmed. The most elementary form is rules-based. These rules-based bots are the most similar to automated customer service lines and guide consumers through a decision tree model. Bots have evolved to incorporate NLP, which translates common language into a form the bot’s system can understand. It extracts the user’s intent through a sentence and turns it into a command a machine can understand. Adding another level to NLP is AI, which enables the bot to “learn” through its interactions. Professional writers at editorial content marketing companies like Masthead Media can script chatbots with dialogue that not only reflects the brand identity, but also encourages consumers to continue engagement. These chatbots can mimic a conversation with a customer in a tone that reflects the brand’s identity. This back and forth communication can lead to happy and surprising moments to the consumers. Another important component of optimizing the bot is to understand and work with chatbots’ limitations.

Chatbots are getting more sophisticated all the time. However, chatbots are still in infancy which means people are going to have some negative experiences too.Two words: Microsoft Tay, Microsoft launched an AI bot named “Tay” that was programmed to mirror chatters’ speech patterns. But it created a lot of problems, that warned against entirely replacing utilitarian components of the website.

So, the moral here is to be careful with this emerging technology, and always prepare critically for the worst way consumers may try to use it. Chatbots reach the consumers when they want to be reached. Chatbots have their own personality but make sure you focus on utility over personality.

So, are you already thinking of unlocking a bot’s potential for your brand? Go ahead!

Manjunath Prasad, commissioner of BBMP (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagar palike) has planned to implement pod taxis in Bangalore. The sci-tec mode of travel will now be available in the city.

Pod taxi is a Public transit system which is a driverless pod runs on electricity, carry upto 5-6 passengers. The first pod taxi was started in Gurgaon. But due to lack of safety issues, the project was delayed. Pod taxis cut the hectic traffic and helps us to reach our destination on time. The pod cars are used only in few places such as West Virginia, US, The Netherlands, UK and South Korea.

The project will cost 50 crore per km. Once implemented, the project will be completed within 6-8 months. The expression of interest (EOI) will be issued soon.

They are solar powered and can carry upto 15,000 people in an hour. It is an environment friendly transport system. This is started in Bangalore to cover those areas which has no proper feeder service.

Areas covered:-

MG Road Metro Station to The Leela Palace junction – 4 km

The Leela Palace to Marathahalli junction – 6 km

Marathahalli junction to EPIP, Whitefield – 6.5 km

MG Road Metro Station to Koramangala- 7 km

Jayanagar 4th Block to JP Nagar 6th phase -5.3 km

Sony Junction to Indiranagar Metro Station – 6.7 km.

This is a good initiative from the government side. Pod taxi will be handy for daily travellers.

Water plays an effective role in our day-to-day life.  RESEARCH on water reveals water shows emotions alike human beings and it also can absorb our words. Examination of water by uttering positive and negative words shows the different patterns in the water. Keep two glasses of water, utter a positive word ‘love’, ‘happy’ and on another glass utter a negative word, ‘hate’, ‘angry’. Scrutinize these waters under the well-equipped microscope can find the difference between the patterns of the water. The glass on which positive word uttered shows a pleasant pattern and on which negative word uttered shows an arrogant or deformed pattern. This fact brings out the hidden mystery that water shows emotions. In ancient time, this was the reason why in gurukuls they have the custom of having water while they are learning. The reason behind that has they believed that water absorbs our words and when we consume it, it is believed that whatever we learn stay with us. The object in our hand emit the same energy vibration back to its environment or in essence, the universe when we send thoughts of focused positive energy to that object. We drink water every day and our human body comprises 70% of water. the properties of water outstretched every cell and to deliver the information or emotion. It is possible to transmit any message that we want to minuscule at subatomic particle level by changing the structure of water changing the energy or vibrations. Water has many hidden mysteries behind which are under research.