SDGs

They say, “Educate a woman, and she will edify an entire generation.”

Most of the readers will not refute the above statement, but even today, in the 21st century, women empowerment is a dream to a large number of rural population, sometimes semi-urban and urban too. The techy world that we live in today, has the internet above all, to help women around the world. Internet was also added to the list of basic human rights by the U.N., last year. Why must women be deprived of it?

The Problem

The internet gender gap is strikingly huge. There is still 52% less women on the internet than men. Main reasons for this gap are, not having access to the internet because of the financial burden that adds on, lack of skills because of illiteracy, and cyber-harassments – It is not difficult to notice, that there are very less women on the social networking sites who do not fear putting up their opinions on topics that men find intriguing, like, government, politics, sports, sexual content, etc.

How will Internet access, help?

Internet is a platform where anyone can educate themselves, with no time restrictions or any other restriction for that matter. A platform where people can connect with people far off, and explore the plethora of opportunities the internet has, to offer. People can make money freelancing on the internet thereby helping with the financial burden there is, on their families. They can also have access to the healthcare education and to all the options that the government is seeking out to provide them with.

Who are helping solve the issues?

A number of organizations and governments in different parts/regions of the world, have come up with solutions to this problem. The following are few of such projects:

This project aims at:

  1. Promoting internet based social enterprises and entrepreneurship among women.
  2. Gender inclusion in social environments.
  3. Boosting traditional skills among women in cluster based environment and helping them reach markets while ensuring sustainability.
  • Hamara Internet. (PAKISTAN) This project addresses the right of women to use the internet, free from harassment, surveillance, or any other digital threats. They aim at empowering women and girls by training them through digital security workshops, to thrive in the digital space.
  • The Amakomaya Project (NEPAL) – This program provides women in the rural regions of Nepal with pregnancy related materials with information about pregnancy and pre-natal care to reduce the region’s high maternal mortality and neo-natal death rates.
  • Afchix (AFRICA) This program facilitates networking and sharing of opportunities with women in computer science and information technology, thereby encouraging them to take up careers in tech. It provides mentorship, training through workshops, targeting upcoming young women in the related fields of technology.
  • Ayni Bolivia (BOLIVIA) – This program aims at providing the young women who are interested in fields of computer science, required training like, assembling computers, loading Linux and Windows Operating Systems on the computers, etc.

The above list is far from complete. There are a number of other organizations that are working towards empowering women digitally.

We, at Indians News, are doing our bit by creating awareness about the gender gap that prevails,  the cyber harassment that women are enduring since the advent of the computer age and how these practices are being curbed, how women are being empowered by the internet.

There is more to beef ban than being a blasphemous eating habit according to religious beliefs and beef is the most detrimental among its other meat peers like pork, chicken etc. when it comes to environmental effect. There is more to beef ban than the passionate statements of vote-bank motivated politicians. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has described meat as a ‘climate harmful meat’. Research has revealed that beef production contributes to the issue of global warming at a much higher rate than the cultivation of crops and production of other meats. The scintillating fact to note here is that the delectable brisket that we find in high-end restaurants comes at an overbearing environmental cost.

A study led by Prof. Gidon Eshel of Bard College, New York on beef’s environmental effect analysed how much land, water and nitrogen fertiliser were needed to produce beef and drew a comparison with poultry, pork, eggs and other dairy produce. The study published by the National Academy of Sciences reveals that beef requires 28 times more land, 11 times more water and is responsible for 5 times more for global warming emissions than other meat productions and 160 times more land as compared to food crops like potato, wheat etc (compared in units of calories). It produces 11 times more greenhouse gases which contributes directly to global warming. Here is a link to an informative video about the issue of environmental impact of beef production.

Inefficient livestock framing methods across the world have also doubled the adverse impact on climate change. Here, it does not matter if the animal whose meat you are consuming was grass-fed or not but what matters is what specific farming methods were used in rearing it. The Danish Centre for Food and Agriculture (DCA) has developed a study on how different beef production systems (13 in number) affect the environment and atmospheric conditions.

It has even been predicted by experts that reducing beef consumption will reduce the global carbon footprint on Earth more than giving up the use of cars would. A Swedish study also reveals that one kilogram of domestic beef represents greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to that of use of an automobile to travel a distance of 160 kilometres. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) has established that the livestock sector is responsible for 18 % of the global greenhouse gas emissions in comparison to the 15% of the transport sector.

Also known as ‘marsh gas’, beef-cattle emit ‘methane’ in their farts and belching which is 21 to 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide as a climate changing gas, that is, in causing global warming. Cattle are ruminant animals, that is, they have multiple chambers in their stomachs where bacteria is found in abundance which digests cellulose from the eaten grass. This results in the formation of methane. FAO claims that 43% of global greenhouse gas emissions that are associated with beef cattle come from “enteric fermentation” or methane burping.

It is relieving to know that a study conducted by the UNEP in the year 2012, ‘Growing greenhouse gas emissions due to meat production’, finds that consumption of meat per person per day  on an average is only 12 grams in India which is approximately 10 times lower than the global average of 115 grams but we still have a long way to go to support the cause of climate-change.  The cattle of the world alone consumes fodder and other food elements which equal the calorie intake of 8.7 billion people which is more than the entire human population of the world. The climate-change advocates and activists worry that of this is not deterring one from consuming beef and leading a ‘climate diet than what is!

Though not in a magnanimous way but beef production also has an unfortunate effect on the aquatic eco systems. Most of the corn that is produced in farms is sold to feedlots and nitrogen fertilisers are used in mammoth proportions to cultivate these corns. The off-shoot of this is nitrous oxide emission into the atmosphere which is again a super potent greenhouse gas which is about 300 times as harmful as carbon dioxide. 36 % of greenhouse gas emissions from beef and dairy are largely because of use of fertilisers in cultivating cattle-feeding crops.

Moreover, the hectic operations of feedlots have a risk of causing respiratory diseases and degrade the quality of air with bad odour and dust. It is an additional environmental concern regarding beef production. A staggering 51 percent or more of global greenhouse-gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture, according to a report published by the Worldwatch Institute.

Despite various intimations and affirmations that consumption of beef puts a huge damper on the global environment and further aggravates global warming, the masses have not deterred in satisfactory numbers from the same and it’s time that people are made aware of the environmental consequences of consumption of the cattle meat and rearing of the cattle.

 

This article is part of the Indians News Climate Change  Campaign to promote United Nation’s  Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG 13 ) on Climate Action.

Climate change is  a greatest threat to the humanity and the whole planet. Indiansnews has initiated the climate change campaign  to talk about the different reasons that are causing the climate change and the solutions for this problems.

Watch this space for the diverse news articles,stories and interviews regarding climate change and the  solutions to curb it.

Digital gender gap is one of the most crucial stressing issue in India  issue in India. Indiansnews has initiated the Digital gender gap camping to raise awareness about the digital gender gap through series of articles and news stories on a mission to empower millions of indians.

They say, “Educate a woman, and she will edify an entire generation.” Most of the readers will not refute the above statement, but even today, in the 21st century, women ...