SDGs

Dr. Shruti Kapoor is a renowned economist, women’s rights activist and social entrepreneur from India. She is the founder of Sayfty, an initiative that aims to educate and empower young women and girls against all forms of violence.

Recently I had the privilege to interview Dr. Shruti Kapoor who currently resides in USA. She is a morale booster for women and girls who are being victimized on the basis of gender inequality and violence. She established an NGO called The Sayfty which is recognized internationally and is a forerunner in the upliftment of the status of women and girls in the society.

What motivated you to start the Sayfty NGO?

I was motivated to start an organization right after the Nirbhaya incident (December 2012). I wanted to attribute something about the safety of women. After going out of India, in the 70’s and 80’s there were not much conversation about women’s safety. Most of the time we tell our girls to ignore if somebody harasses them or if they experience any sort of sexual violence and are asked to stay quiet about it because it is a shame to the girl and her family. So I wanted to change that aspect and I wanted women and girls to feel more confident about safety, speak out against violent experiences, to report it and tell the Indian community to remove the shame around the topic of sexual violence. This is the reason I started working in this area and that’s how Sayfty is formed.

What is the motto of Sayfty?

Our motto is to educate and empower women against gender based violence.

You studied in India as well as in the US. Whose style of teaching did you like the most?

I definitely enjoyed the US style of teaching more, especially after high school because there was more stress on understanding concepts and applying those concepts. In India when I went to college, the main crux was about learning all the information and later using that information in the exams, getting good marks was more important. Whether or not you understood the concept is not important and most teachers often don’t pay attention or care. It’s all about notes, learning the notes and later using them in the exams. (bolte hai na ratta lagake exam dena – as they say mug up everything and give the exam) . That I did not enjoy much. Everyone gave importance to marks, how much you scored and how well you did.  In the US it’s all about how you performed overall and not only studying. they give you more opportunities to excel.

Tell our readers about Sayfty chat, zero tolerance and voice of the weak programs.

So Sayfty chat is our weekly prep chat. Every week we invite our guest organization and guest experts to come and speak at the chat for one hour (every Monday) from 8:30 PM to 9:30 PM (IST) and we along with the guest choose one topic which is related to women’s safety in general. For example,  we talked about cyber safety. There was an expert from Canada who discussed about cyber safety and answered 5 questions. Our global community on twitter follows and addresses these questions. For example, how do we keep our stuff safe online? Or what are the things we do online? If you being harassed online then what do you do? How to reach out for help? We pick a topic and discuss it in the Sayfty chat. Every week, we pick one person from any country in the world to be our voice of the week. We use twitter as the platform to raise awareness about women’s safety, gender based violence and gender equality. For example if you be our voice of the week you can use our twitter platform and raise awareness and talk about these issues. Zero tolerance is the campaign that we started in collaboration with The Red Elephant and our aim was to pick one topic each month and talk about it. For example: what is marital rape and how do you define it, what are the Indian laws associated with marital rape and how do you know if you are experiencing this problem and what should you do. Let’s say you are a victim of marital rape and what do you do next? For an entire year every month we discussed one specific topic related to gender based violence in India. We talked about the concept, the laws, how to identify it and what you should do if you are experiencing it.

When you were nominated by the White House as a change maker for the United States for Women summit 2016, what were your feelings?

It was obviously very prestigious that I was nominated as a change maker for all the work we have been doing and I was very excited. All the nominated change makers attended the conference in Washington DC where we had President Obama, Michelle Obama, people like Oprah and Vinci who came and motivated us. It was definitely a moment to celebrate and we were excited and joyous about the work and also inspiring because we met so many other women who are doing such good work and also connect with them which inspired us to do more better work.

Do you think media can act as a tool for gender equality?

I very strongly believe that media acts as a tool for gender equality. In today’s world media reaches out to millions of people. For example in India, Bollywood reaches out to millions of people. It is a powerful tool to spread the right message. In our Indian movies, we can talk about justification of women and girls by producing more movies like Dangal which are topics of women empowerment. I think the message through media to larger audiences will be great and impactful. Media whether it is TV, radio, movies or social media should be used to advocate gender equality. Media is very powerful and should definitely be used as a tool for gender equality.

You worked for World Bank. Can you share your experience with our reader’s?

I moved to the US in 2000 to pursue my Masters in Economics and when I graduated in 2002, I got a job as a consultant in the World Bank. It was my first job experience right after college and was a truly remarkable experience because I got to work on various projects and started working on development of Central Asia and human development sector at the World Bank. As a graduate, it was a great learning experience for me as I learned to work on projects like poverty, shelter and nutrition. I contributed to projects like rural electrification, its impact on education and shelter. People at the World Bank are very inspiring and motivated to me pursue to Ph.D in Economics. It was one of my dream jobs as an economist and working at the World Bank is really a dream come true at that time.

What are your future plans on uplifting the status of women?

I am a very strong gender equality activist and I am very passionate about women empowerment and safety. In the near future this is something I will be advocating using my voice and platform to speak out against gender based violence and ensure that we as citizens in our day to day life should contribute a bit for gender equality. A lot of people ask me what is that I can do, and I always tell them to start with where you are and what you have. Like today you can provide your boys and girls in terms of education and opportunities. In the next 2 years I will be advocating more and more on gender equality and women’s safety. People should be reminded that girls are equally important and equally capable as boys.

What is your message to youth?

Youth must actively engage and get involved in every sustainable goal and whatever you are passionate about like climate change, gender equality. Youth today has the power of social media. They are creative, intelligent and smart. Youth should use their voice and platform to make a difference and create an impact in whatever they are passionate about through the social media.

 

They say, “Educate a woman, and she will edify an entire generation.”

Most of the readers will not refute the above statement, but even today, in the 21st century, women empowerment is a dream to a large number of rural population, sometimes semi-urban and urban too. The techy world that we live in today, has the internet above all, to help women around the world. Internet was also added to the list of basic human rights by the U.N., last year. Why must women be deprived of it?

The Problem

The internet gender gap is strikingly huge. There is still 52% less women on the internet than men. Main reasons for this gap are, not having access to the internet because of the financial burden that adds on, lack of skills because of illiteracy, and cyber-harassments – It is not difficult to notice, that there are very less women on the social networking sites who do not fear putting up their opinions on topics that men find intriguing, like, government, politics, sports, sexual content, etc.

How will Internet access, help?

Internet is a platform where anyone can educate themselves, with no time restrictions or any other restriction for that matter. A platform where people can connect with people far off, and explore the plethora of opportunities the internet has, to offer. People can make money freelancing on the internet thereby helping with the financial burden there is, on their families. They can also have access to the healthcare education and to all the options that the government is seeking out to provide them with.

Who are helping solve the issues?

A number of organizations and governments in different parts/regions of the world, have come up with solutions to this problem. The following are few of such projects:

This project aims at:

  1. Promoting internet based social enterprises and entrepreneurship among women.
  2. Gender inclusion in social environments.
  3. Boosting traditional skills among women in cluster based environment and helping them reach markets while ensuring sustainability.
  • Hamara Internet. (PAKISTAN) This project addresses the right of women to use the internet, free from harassment, surveillance, or any other digital threats. They aim at empowering women and girls by training them through digital security workshops, to thrive in the digital space.
  • The Amakomaya Project (NEPAL) – This program provides women in the rural regions of Nepal with pregnancy related materials with information about pregnancy and pre-natal care to reduce the region’s high maternal mortality and neo-natal death rates.
  • Afchix (AFRICA) This program facilitates networking and sharing of opportunities with women in computer science and information technology, thereby encouraging them to take up careers in tech. It provides mentorship, training through workshops, targeting upcoming young women in the related fields of technology.
  • Ayni Bolivia (BOLIVIA) – This program aims at providing the young women who are interested in fields of computer science, required training like, assembling computers, loading Linux and Windows Operating Systems on the computers, etc.

The above list is far from complete. There are a number of other organizations that are working towards empowering women digitally.

We, at Indians News, are doing our bit by creating awareness about the gender gap that prevails,  the cyber harassment that women are enduring since the advent of the computer age and how these practices are being curbed, how women are being empowered by the internet.

There is more to beef ban than being a blasphemous eating habit according to religious beliefs and beef is the most detrimental among its other meat peers like pork, chicken etc. when it comes to environmental effect. There is more to beef ban than the passionate statements of vote-bank motivated politicians. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has described meat as a ‘climate harmful meat’. Research has revealed that beef production contributes to the issue of global warming at a much higher rate than the cultivation of crops and production of other meats. The scintillating fact to note here is that the delectable brisket that we find in high-end restaurants comes at an overbearing environmental cost.

A study led by Prof. Gidon Eshel of Bard College, New York on beef’s environmental effect analysed how much land, water and nitrogen fertiliser were needed to produce beef and drew a comparison with poultry, pork, eggs and other dairy produce. The study published by the National Academy of Sciences reveals that beef requires 28 times more land, 11 times more water and is responsible for 5 times more for global warming emissions than other meat productions and 160 times more land as compared to food crops like potato, wheat etc (compared in units of calories). It produces 11 times more greenhouse gases which contributes directly to global warming. Here is a link to an informative video about the issue of environmental impact of beef production.

Inefficient livestock framing methods across the world have also doubled the adverse impact on climate change. Here, it does not matter if the animal whose meat you are consuming was grass-fed or not but what matters is what specific farming methods were used in rearing it. The Danish Centre for Food and Agriculture (DCA) has developed a study on how different beef production systems (13 in number) affect the environment and atmospheric conditions.

It has even been predicted by experts that reducing beef consumption will reduce the global carbon footprint on Earth more than giving up the use of cars would. A Swedish study also reveals that one kilogram of domestic beef represents greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to that of use of an automobile to travel a distance of 160 kilometres. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) has established that the livestock sector is responsible for 18 % of the global greenhouse gas emissions in comparison to the 15% of the transport sector.

Also known as ‘marsh gas’, beef-cattle emit ‘methane’ in their farts and belching which is 21 to 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide as a climate changing gas, that is, in causing global warming. Cattle are ruminant animals, that is, they have multiple chambers in their stomachs where bacteria is found in abundance which digests cellulose from the eaten grass. This results in the formation of methane. FAO claims that 43% of global greenhouse gas emissions that are associated with beef cattle come from “enteric fermentation” or methane burping.

It is relieving to know that a study conducted by the UNEP in the year 2012, ‘Growing greenhouse gas emissions due to meat production’, finds that consumption of meat per person per day  on an average is only 12 grams in India which is approximately 10 times lower than the global average of 115 grams but we still have a long way to go to support the cause of climate-change.  The cattle of the world alone consumes fodder and other food elements which equal the calorie intake of 8.7 billion people which is more than the entire human population of the world. The climate-change advocates and activists worry that of this is not deterring one from consuming beef and leading a ‘climate diet than what is!

Though not in a magnanimous way but beef production also has an unfortunate effect on the aquatic eco systems. Most of the corn that is produced in farms is sold to feedlots and nitrogen fertilisers are used in mammoth proportions to cultivate these corns. The off-shoot of this is nitrous oxide emission into the atmosphere which is again a super potent greenhouse gas which is about 300 times as harmful as carbon dioxide. 36 % of greenhouse gas emissions from beef and dairy are largely because of use of fertilisers in cultivating cattle-feeding crops.

Moreover, the hectic operations of feedlots have a risk of causing respiratory diseases and degrade the quality of air with bad odour and dust. It is an additional environmental concern regarding beef production. A staggering 51 percent or more of global greenhouse-gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture, according to a report published by the Worldwatch Institute.

Despite various intimations and affirmations that consumption of beef puts a huge damper on the global environment and further aggravates global warming, the masses have not deterred in satisfactory numbers from the same and it’s time that people are made aware of the environmental consequences of consumption of the cattle meat and rearing of the cattle.

 

This article is part of the Indians News Climate Change  Campaign to promote United Nation’s  Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG 13 ) on Climate Action.

Climate change is  a greatest threat to the humanity and the whole planet. Indiansnews has initiated the climate change campaign  to talk about the different reasons that are causing the climate change and the solutions for this problems.

Watch this space for the diverse news articles,stories and interviews regarding climate change and the  solutions to curb it.

Digital gender gap is one of the most crucial stressing issue in India  issue in India. Indiansnews has initiated the Digital gender gap camping to raise awareness about the digital gender gap through series of articles and news stories on a mission to empower millions of indians.

Dr. Shruti Kapoor is a renowned economist, women’s rights activist and social entrepreneur from India. She is the founder of Sayfty, an initiative that aims to educate and empower young women and ...

They say, “Educate a woman, and she will edify an entire generation.” Most of the readers will not refute the above statement, but even today, in the 21st century, women ...